Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2014 | May-August | Volume 8 | Issue 2

RESEARCH ARTICLE

S Singh, H Rahman, R Chandra, S Tripathi, M Mohan

Asymptomatic Impacted Supernumerary Maxillary Parapremolar

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:70 - 71]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-70  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

A case of unilateral impacted supernumerary premolar has been reported. Supernumerary premolars are usually asymptomatic and most cases are diagnosed by a chance during inspection of radiographs.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

NR Yadav, BK Garla, VK Reddy, S Tandon, S Prasad

Antimicrobial Effect of Honey on Streptococcus Mutans of Dental Plaque

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:72 - 75]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-72  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Purpose

Dental plaque consists of various pathogenic microorganisms like streptococcus mutans. Since ancient times it has been proved that honey has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, antiparasitic, antimutagenic and antitumour effect. So, this study was conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of honey on streptococcus mutans count before and after application of honey at a definite time interval.

Material and Method

The antimicrobial effect of Honey (Dabur honey, Dabur India) was tested on 20 volunteers from SGT Dental College who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Plaque samples were collected from 6 teeth of all 20 individuals at baseline. Then, after 2 hours honey was applied with cotton applicator using paint on technique. After one hour of application, plaque samples were collected again from the same teeth. All the collected plaque samples were cultured on MSA agar plates and colonies were counted.

Results

Paired T test was applied to compare the mean bacterial count before and after application. After honey application, it was observed that the colony count of streptococcus mutans was reduced in significant amount. Conclusion - It was concluded from the study that honey has antimicrobial effect on streptococcus mutans.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

MS Shetty, V Bhat, KK Shenoy

Oral Health Awareness Among Non Teaching Staff of A Dental Institution in Dakshina Kannada

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:76 - 78]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-76  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The non teaching staff in dental college is indirectly a part of the community based oral health awareness programmes. They act as a link between the dentist and the general population. The objectives of the study is to assess the oral health awareness among non teaching staff in the institution and to utilize the data obtained as a training program for the non-teaching staff and as a baseline for further community based oral health awareness programmes.

METHOD

A written oral health questionnaire was developed and distributed to 150 non-teaching staff in a health institution. The data was analysed using SPSS-10 statistical software.

RESULT and CONCLUSION

The staff demonstrated reasonable knowledge, but some deficiencies were noted. The deficiencies in their knowledge could be addressed through the provision of appropriate training and engaging them in improving the oral health and quality of life.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

RP Singh, K Thanveer, CG Ajithkrishnan

An In-Vivo Evaluation of the Effect of Fennel Seeds Chewing on Salivary pH

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:79 - 81]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-79  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Saliva is one of the most important factors in regulating oral health, with flow rate and composition changing throughout development and during disease. Numerous chewing habits have been traditionally followed by various cultures and this effects salivary composition. Chewing of fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare) is one such practice. This study was done with the objective to record and compare the salivary pH at base line, immediately and five minutes after chewing the seeds.

Materials and methods

Total 22 subjects, aged >18years were requested to chew a known quantity of fennel seeds (1.3grams) for five minutes and salivary pH was recorded using Qualigens Indikrom paper strips.

Results

Highly statistically significant rise in salivary pH was seen immediately after chewing seeds (p=0.003)

Conclusion

Chewing of seeds showed a rise in salivary pH, which can prevent demineralization and have an anti-cariogenic effect.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

R Gupta, S Bala, A Narwal, A Hooda

Cheiloscopy – An Adjunct in Identification of Familial Lineage

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:82 - 85]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-82  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

To study whether lip prints show genetic inheritance or not

Materials and methods

The cross sectional study was conducted on 30 families in different parts of North India (Haryana) with a minimum family size of 3 i.e. father, mother and atleast one child below the age of 25 years and irrespective of their gender. The ethical permission was taken from the institute and the head of locality also. All individuals were healthy and free from genetic diseases. The lip prints of each subject were taken on a bond paper and studied using a magnifying lens by using Suzuki and Tsuchihashi classification.

Results

The most common lip print was found to be type I out of all samples. The chi-square test results showed that the relationship between the father's upper lip pattern and child's upper lip pattern in the first quadrant of the upper lip were statistically significant (at significance level of 5%). Further the Cramer's V (0.49) values obtained for the association also indicated a strong relationship between the upper lip patterns of father and child in the first quadrant. Similarly statistical analysis showed strong relationship between lip pattern of mother and child in lower lip i.e. third quadrant. Other quadrants did not show any significant association and relationship between child and parents.

Conclusion

The study shows that in fact lip prints do follow a hereditary pattern but they are individualistic, each possessing its own unique characteristics. Thus providing a promising tool for the biometric system and forensics and can replace the older methods for the same in future. Resemblance of lip patterns between parents and children to some extent inspite of being unique and individualistic throws an open area which can be explored for establishing paternity, being simple and inexpensive.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

D Prabu, M Shylaja, RU Vidhya, S Manipal, A Ahmed, P Adusumilli

Parsimonious Prediction Model for the Prevalence of Dental Visits in Chennai, India

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:86 - 90]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-86  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of the study is to analyze the prevalence of dental visits within the last year in the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System or BRFSS by the simple sociodemographic factors among the adults in 10 different areas of Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

METHODS

Cross sectional telephone survey (Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System) conducted among 500 adults. Data was collected based on a standardized questionnaire to determine the distribution of risk behaviours and health practices among non-institutionalized adults. A multivariable logistic regression model considers the complex sample design of the BRFSS was used to predict the prevalence of dental visits based on four non-clinic parsimonious variables.

RESULTS

Results showed that the adults with the High household income, Religion (Hindu), High Education(> High School Diploma), and marital status were associated with an annual dental visit with the odd ratios of 0.943, 1.161, 1.243, 0.876 respectively. Besant Nagar had the highest percentage (13%) of estimated annual users, while Redhills had the lowest percentage(8%).

CONCLUSION

Health promotion organizations, Local governments, Insurance companies, and organizations that administer public health programs will benefit by applying this model to the available nonclinical databases, and will be able to improve planning of dental health services and required dental workforce.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

CS Krishnan, A Archana

Evaluation of Oral Hygiene Status and Periodontal Health in Mentally Retarded Subjects with or without Down's Syndrome in Comparison with Normal Healthy Individuals

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:91 - 94]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-91  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

AIM

The aim of the study was to assess the oral hygiene status and periodontal status of Mentally Retarded, Down's syndrome and normal subjects.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The study was undertaken at OPPORTUNITY SCHOOL at Vepery, Chennai, India. 150 subjects were selected. Among them 100 were Mentally Retarted, 50 were Down's Syndrome subjects. 50 healthy normal subjects were selected (Students from Madha School, Chennai, India) for comparison. All were screened for oral hygiene and periodontal status by OHI-S and CPITN index. Statistical analyasis was done by Pearsson correlation coefficient.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION

The results showed that the Mentally Retarded and Down's Syndrome subjects had decreased prevalence rate of periodontitis.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

S Rastogi, RS Jatti, KM Keluskar

Assessment of Awareness and Social Perceptions of Orthodontic Treatment Needs in Adult Age Group: A Questionnaire Study

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:95 - 100]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-95  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The scope of orthodontics has widened to include not only children and adolescents but also adults, thereby abolishing the upper age limit. The aim of this study was to assess awareness and social perceptions of orthodontic treatment in adults.

Material and methodology

A cross saectional questionnaire study was conducted on parents of school children who were randomly selected from Private schools of Belgaum city. Questionnaire forms were distributed both in Hindi and English to a sample of 800 school students.

Results

Majority of the subjects in the study knew about orthodontic treatment and took treatment in their early age group with more percentage of males. Out of which only 46% subjects stated that their treatment was completed with proper retention and stability. Near about half of the subjects reported that they need orthodontic treatment in adult age.

Conclusion

Adult population is aware about orthodontic treatment needs and to improve smile and to straighten their teeth were the prime motivating factors for seeking treatment.

REVIEW ARTICLE

P Kumar, S Datana, SM Londhe, V Mathur

Orthodontic Guidance of an Impacted Maxillary Canine: A Review

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:101 - 103]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-101  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Canine normally erupts when half to three quarter of the root have developed. It may be considered as impacted if the root development is completed, but unaided eruption is not expected to occur. Treatment of an impacted canine needs to be integrated into the overall orthodontic treatment planning. Present article discuss the orthodontic guidance of an impacted maxillary canine, choice of surgical technique, orthodontic & periodontal considerations and potential complications.

REVIEW ARTICLE

S Prasad, C Dhingra, R Anand

Reflection Over Doctor Patient Relationship: A Promise of Trust

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:104 - 108]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-104  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The doctor patient relationship is of primary importance in the overall health care delivery model. It is a unique relationship which depends on trust and confidence between the parties for the provision of care. Establishing a doctor/patient relationship may take place formally in the office setting or informally, such as by giving verbal advice in a social setting. Doctors enter into a doctor-patient relationship with a commitment to provide their patients with quality service. Patients are entitled to be treated with respect and without discrimination during all stages of the doctor patient relationship, even if the relationship faces termination. However, when circumstances affect the doctors ability to achieve this, the doctors may decide to end the doctors patient relationship.

REVIEW ARTICLE

A Kumar, V Kumar, M Goel, R Mehta, T Arora, S Pande

Shade Selection: Blending of Conventional and Digital Methods - An Updated Review

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:109 - 112]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-109  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Major challenges in cosmetic dentistry are to accomplish appropriate and satisfactory reproduction of natural shade of teeth. The procedure of choosing a shade can be performed using visual method or by an instrument. The kind of shade guide, individual ability to choose shades and conditions the choice is made under, all have influence on reliability and accuracy of the procedure. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce instrumental color determination in everyday work. They include RGB devices, colorimeters, spectrophotometers. The impact of the color science can be seen on various restorative materials ranging from ceramics to maxillofacial prosthetic materials. Good communication between the dental team of all these details is paramount to a successful aesthetic result.

REVIEW ARTICLE

A Kumar, V Kumar, M Goel, R Mehta, G Bhayana, S Wadhwa

Implant Surface Modification and Osseointegration-Past, Present and Future

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:113 - 118]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-113  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Biological fixation between the dental implant surfaces and jaw bones should be considered a prerequisite for the long-term success of implant-supported prostheses. The implant surface modifications gained an important and decisive place in implant research over the last years. Nowadays, a large number of implant types with a great variety of surface properties and other features are commercially available and have to be treated with caution. Although surface modifications have been shown to enhance osseointegration at early implantation times, for example, the clinician should look for research evidence before selecting a dental implant for a specific use.

CASE REPORT

M Kamboj, B Shreedhar, G Srivastava, D Verma

Dentigerous Cyst Associated with Mesiodens: A Symbiotic Existence

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:119 - 121]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-119  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Dentigerous cyst is a developmental odontogenic cyst that develops by accumulation of fluid between the reduced enamel epithelium and the tooth crown of unerupted tooth. Mesiodens is a supernumerary tooth between both maxillary central incisors. Dentigerous cyst associated with mesiodens is rare. This paper presents a case of dentigerous cyst associated with an inverted mesiodens causing a painless swelling in the upper lip of a 29 years old male patient along with the treatment strategy employed for the patient.

CASE REPORT

P Purohit, A Vashishtha, S Sharma, M Trehan

Management of Plexiform Ameloblastoma: A Case Report

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:8] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:122 - 124]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-122  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Ameloblastoma is a slow growing benign tumour of the jaw and patients usually present late after the tumour achieves considerable size to cause facial disfigurement. Diagnosis made mainly from tissue biopsy and characteristic findings on plain X-rays and CT scan, they assist in differentiating between types of ameloblastoma. The challenges in the management of this tumour are to provide complete excision as recurrence may occur in incomplete removal and also to reconstruct the bony defect in order to give reasonable cosmetic and functional outcome to the patient.

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