Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2010 | May-August | Volume 4 | Issue 2

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Richard M Graham, Yang See Chau, Suresh Shetty

An Interesting Case of Orbital Lymphoma

[Year:2010] [Month:May-August] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:26 - 27]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-2-26  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sonali Taneja, Rupali Chadha, Seema Dixit, Rohit Nayar

An In Vitro Comparison of Quantitative Dissolution of Human Pulp in Different Irrigating Solutions

[Year:2010] [Month:May-August] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:28 - 33]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-2-28  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Pulp tissue from freshly extracted, intact vital premolars was removed in toto and was cut to get an approximate weight of 8.2 mg for each sample. Eighty samples thus obtained were divided into 4 groups of 20 samples each according to the irrigating solution used (5.25% NaOCl, 17% EDTA, BioPure MTAD and Distilled water (control group). Pulp tissue of specified equal weight (8.2 mg) was placed into each test tube of all groups carrying irrigants of measured volume (5ml each) at 37°C according to their specified subgroups time interval i.e. 10 min, 15 min, 20 min and 30 min respectively. The solution from each sample test tube was filtered and was left for overnight drying. The residual weight was calculated by filtration method. Results showed that the maximum amount of pulp was dissolved by 5.25% NaOCl at all time intervals. MTAD and 17% EDTA showed almost similar dissolution at all the time intervals.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Deepa G Kamath, B R R Varma, Sai Giridhar Kamath, Ramya Shenoy Kudpi

Comparision of Periodontal Status of Urban and Rural Population in Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka State

[Year:2010] [Month:May-August] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:34 - 37]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-2-34  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Periopathological studies have indicated that diseases of gums and loosening of teeth are as old as humanity. It continues to be one of the most common diseases affecting the human dentition. It has been seen that, due to differences between life styles and oral hygiene habits, there is a wide variation between the periodontal status of urban and rural population. As 70-80% of Indian population live in rural areas devoid of adequate treatment facilities, an attempt has been made through this study to compare the periodontal status of the urban and rural population of Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka State using CPI (Community Periodontal Index with Loss of Attachment).

A total of 1251 individuals were examined from Mangalore and Ujire populations in the age group of 15-19, 35-44 and 65-74 years using two stages stratified random sampling technique. It was observed that the periodontal status of urban population (14.52% with CPI code 0) was significantly better than in rural population (2.48% with CPI code 0). Also with increasing age, there was increase in severity of periodontal disease. These findings highlighted that the prevalence of periodontal disease was more in rural compared to the urban population.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ravi V Shirahatti, L Nagesh

Effect of Fennel Seeds On Dental Plaque and Salivary pH-A Clinical Study

[Year:2010] [Month:May-August] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:38 - 41]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-2-38  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Numerous types of practices have been developed over a period of time and have been traditionally followed by various cultures. Chewing of fennel seeds is one of such practices. Scientifically known as foeniculum vulgare, seeds of this plant are commonly chewed after food in Indian sub-continent. Aim of this study was to know the effect of chewing fennel seeds on plaque pH and salivary pH.

Materials and Method

Twenty subjects were recruited based on eligibility criteria and were informed not to use any oral hygiene measures 24 hours prior to appointment. Plaque was collected to represent buccal surfaces of posterior teeth. For measurement of salivary pH, 2 ml of stimulated saliva was collected. Baseline pH was determined for both plaque and saliva using a calibrated glass combination electrode. After the subjects chewed seeds for five minutes resultant plaque and salivary pH were measured again. A third saliva sample was taken and pH measured five minutes later.

Results

A highly significant but a very transient drop in salivary pH on chewing the seeds was observed. However plaque pH did not show any significant change.

Conclusion

The drop in pH is not sustained and is returning to normal limits within five minutes after chewing the seeds suggesting that the seeds have very little Cariogenic potential.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Dinesh K. Bagga

Adult Orthodontics Versus Adolescent Orthodontics: An Overview

[Year:2010] [Month:May-August] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:42 - 47]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-2-42  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The scope of orthodontics has widened to include not only children and adolescents but also adults, thereby abolishing the upper age limit. With growing esthetic conscience among the society, a great number of young adults are seeking orthodontic treatment primarily for esthetic reasons. They undergo comprehensive orthodontic treatment involving major occlusal changes to get the utmost esthetically pleasing face. The older adults with poor dental conditions requiring perio-restorative treatment undergo adjunctive orthodontic treatment to attain a long-term prognosis. The orthodontist faces challenges to practice adult orthodontics due to various issues being under considerations, which are quite different than routine orthodontic treatment oriented to children and adolescents. This article highlights the difficulties and limitations faced by the orthodontist while practicing adult orthodontics with remedies to overcome them.

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CASE REPORT

Ranjan Malhotra, Anoop Kapoor, Vishakha Grover, Divya Saxena

Pregnancy Associated Gingival Enlargement

[Year:2010] [Month:May-August] [Volume:4] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:48 - 51]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-2-48  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

In this report, we present a case of gingival enlargement related to pregnancy causing chewing, speaking, breathing and cosmetic problems. The patient was a 23-year old woman in the eighth month of her first pregnancy, with localized gingival enlargement affecting both buccal and lingual aspects of the area between right maxillary lateral incisor and canine. Hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy have long been known to be associated with generalized or localized gingival enlargements. Pregnancy does not cause the condition but altered tissue metabolism in pregnancy accentuates the response to the local irritants.

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