Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2008 | May-August | Volume 2 | Issue 2

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

K Sundeep Hegde, M Harini Priya

Prevalence, Knowledge and Attitude of Tobacco Use Among Health Professionals In Mangalore City, Karnataka

[Year:2008] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:19 - 24]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-2-19  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

As members of health profession, medical practitioners and dentists have a duty to promote oral and general health and healthy lifestyles among their patients, by raising their awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco on health and guiding them in conquering tobacco addiction.

A significant barrier to anti-tobacco counseling by health professionals has been found to be as a result of self-use, of tobacco.

The study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and prevalence of tobacco use among medical and dental health professionals of Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Ever consumers were 37% and 19% were current consumers of tobacco in the present study.

Cigarette is major product consumed. Majority of the current consumers (56.92%) had attempted to quit but more than half (60%) had again restarted the habit of tobacco consumption.

Addiction was the cause for not quitting the habit among 15.38% of current consumers. 38.9% stated that they had participated in anti-tobacco programmes.

Majority of the health professionals (72.91%) have expressed that tobacco use has to be banned. Effective cessation programs to reduce tobacco use among health professionals should be promoted‥

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

EJ Sauvetre, MS Farid, CV Diji

Cardiovascular Diseases and Periodontal Treatment

[Year:2008] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:25 - 29]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-2-25  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

A Safe and effective periodontal treatment requires knowledge and understanding of the diseases specifically the cardiovascular ones, and the necessary modifications to periodontal therapy accordingly. Considering the high incidence of periodontal diseases in elderly individuals, the periodontist must be prepared to provide periodontal therapeutic support for an increasing number of cardiovascular patients. In this review, common cardiovascular disorders and associated periodontal issues would be discussed briefly.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Manish Jain, Suhas Kulkarni, Rushabh J Dagli, Santhosh Kumar, Anmol Mathur, D Prabu

Knowledge and Attitude among Dental students of Udaipur, India towards HIV/AIDS

[Year:2008] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:30 - 35]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-2-30  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims & Objective

The aim of the present study was to assess current status of knowledge and attitude among the dental students of Udaipur, India towards HIV/AIDS.

Material and Methods

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 282 dental students of Darshan Dental College. The interview questionnaire comprised of 27close ended questions. One way ANOVA was applied by using SPSS (11.0) to compare mean level of knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS.

Results

Shows dental students have satisfactory knowledge, but certain misconception was prevalent. It also shows that around 30.20% of the dental students held an over all negative attitude. Mean level of knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS had a statistically significant difference in results among sex and academic periods.

Conclusion

Over all knowledge and attitude among dental students was found to be satisfactory. Most of the Dental Students, near about 69.80% have a positive attitude regarding HIV/AIDS education.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rajan Dhawan, R Indira, Shivani Dhawan

A Comparative Evaluation of Tensile Bond Strength and Hybrid Layer of Three Generation Bonding Agents by Scanning Electron Microscope (An In-vitro Study)

[Year:2008] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:36 - 41]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-2-36  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

This study was done to compare the tensile bond strength of three different generation bonding agents to dentin using one composite resin and scanning electron microscopic study (SEM) of hybrid layer.

In this study 36 non carious human molar teeth were selected. 30 teeth were used for evaluating tensile bond strength and were divided in to three groups. Six teeth were used for hybrid layer evaluation also divided into three groups. Group 1 specimens 10 teeth were etched with 37% phosphoric acid and Scotch bond multipurpose adhesive was applied. Group 2 specimens 10 teeth were etched with 37% phosphoric acid and 3M Single bond was applied. Group 3 specimens 10 teeth were treated with Prompt-L-Pop. Composite material (3M- Hybrid-Z100) was applied incrementally and cured for 40 seconds each. Specimens were then stored in distilled water before testing. Two teeth from each group were cross-sectioned to obtain 1mm thick dentin disks for SEM evaluation. Adhesives were applied as mentioned above. Composite was applied over these discs and light cured for 40 seconds. Samples were stored in distilled water at 37°c for two weeks; these disks were fractured with chisel for cross-sectional viewing

Dentin conditioning with single bond (5th Generation) revealed better bond strengths as compared to scotch bond multipurpose (4th generation) and Prompt-L-Pop (6th generation). SEM evaluation of hybrid layer reveals that Single bond has shown a thicker hybrid layer comparing to other adhesives.

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CASE REPORT

Sonia Goyal, Suhas Godhi, Sandeep Goyal, Girish Giraddi

Cementifying Fibroma of the Mandible – A Case Report

[Year:2008] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:42 - 45]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-2-42  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Cementifying fibromas are rare fibro-osseous lesions that affect the jawbone and that are included by Gorlin in the group of mesodermal odontogenic tumours. Four separate categories have been identified: Periapical cemental dysplasia, benign cementoblastoma, cementifying fibroma and a rare gigantiform variety. The current case is reported because of rarity of such lesions and the paucity of information concerning them in the dental literature. We believe that this case illustrates many of the clinical, radiographic and histologic features associated with cemento-ossifying tumours.

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