Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2008 | January-April | Volume 2 | Issue 1

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Suhas Kulkarni, Rushabh J Dagli, Santhosh Kumar, Chandrakant Dhanni, Prabu Duraiswamy

Dental Health among Green Marble Mine Laborers, India

[Year:2008] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2] [Number:1] [Pages:7] [Pages No:1 - 7]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-1-1  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

To determine the oral health status among Green Marble Mine laborers; to provide epidemiological data for planning and evaluation of oral health care programme.

Methods

The study area was divided into 4 geographic zones, and participants were selected by stratified cluster sampling technique. A total of 513 subjects were included in final study which were divided among the four age cohort (18-25, 26-34, 35-44, 45-more respectively), following the guidelines for research methodology recommended by WHO oral health surveys 1997. Clinical examination was conducted by one of the three examiners with the aid of an artificial light sorce. The agreement (kappa statistics) for diagnosis of DMFT and CPI was determined (field teams versus expert) 91.2 % two days prior to the examination. Data was analyzed using Bivariate and multivariate analysis.

Results

The mean DMFT and DMFS scores were (2.79±2.44) and (5.47±5.40) respectively. The caries prevalence was 71.1% with maximum in 25-34 years while 148 participants were caries free. A higher prevalence of periodontal disease was present with only 1.75% having healthy gingiva. Mean number of sextant involved was maximum among 35-44 years. Alcohol and Stress due to physical load and noisy environment among laborers have shown highly significant relationship with CPI scores (P<0.001). Fracture of tooth, mainly maxillary central incisor was high (10.5%) as an occupational peril.

Conclusions

The findings highlighted the low caries prevalence, higher periodontal disease which requires primary anticipation. Prevention of tooth fracture and improvement of overall nutritional status, with stress reduction protocol should also be given consideration.

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CASE REPORT

Ashwini Rao, M Kundabala, Peter S. Sequeira, Vinaya Pai

Inverted and Impacted Maxillary and Mandibular 3rd Molars; A Very Rare Case

[Year:2008] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:8 - 9]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-1-8  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

A very rare case of unilateral impacted and inverted mandibular as well as maxillary 3rd molars has been described. The management of this rare case should be done in most conservative manner.

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CASE REPORT

Sonia Goyal, Suhas Godhi, Sandeep Goyal

Non-Syndromic Congenital Maxillary Double Lip: A Rare Case

[Year:2008] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:10 - 12]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-1-10  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

A double lip is a rare anomaly characterized by a horizontal fold of redundant mucosal tissue that is situated proximal to the vermilion border. It may be either congenital or acquired and has no gender or race predilection. It occurs most often in the upper lip, although both upper and lower lips are occasionally involved. Surgical intervention (simple excision) produces good functional and cosmetic results. In this report, a case of a non – syndromic congenital maxillary double upper lip and a new way to treat this anomaly is described. Double lip is of special interest in dental profession as a dental surgeon is normally the first one to diagnose this rare and uncommon condition.

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CASE REPORT

Mahesh Goel, Samir Dutta

Multilobed Supernumerary Teeth with Talon: Pioneer Case Report

[Year:2008] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:13 - 15]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-1-13  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

A rare case report of a multi-lobed supernumerary tooth having talon cusp is being reported. The tooth was extracted to correct the existing malocclusion and a complete radiographic and histological analysis of the extracted tooth was done to confirm the clinical finding of supernumerary tooth with incomplete lobes associated with talon cusp exhibiting pulpal extension.

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CASE REPORT

Vimoj Nair, Vivek Kaushal, Anil Kumar Dhull

Alveolar Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis - A Case Report

[Year:2008] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:16 - 18]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-2-1-16  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disorder, usually occurring in children and young adults. A five year old male child presented with ulcers in lower left alveolar ridge with mobility of adjacent teeth of four months duration. After all relevant radiological and histopathological investigations final diagnosis of multicentric langerhans cell histiocytosis stage - II was made. The patient was put on chemotherapy with CHOP (Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Vincristine and Prednisolone) regimen three weekly for eight courses. Now after six months of cessation of chemotherapy, the patient is in complete clinical remission.

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