Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2023 | January-April | Volume 17 | Issue 1

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Prabhu Subramani, Bhavadharani Sree Palani, Faiz Jehan Feroz Sharif, Hannah Deborah Grace, Blessy Rajamani

Association between Parenting Style and Dental Caries among 12-year-old Children in Chengalpattu District, India

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:1 - 3]

Keywords: Children and parenting style and dimensional questionnaire, Dental caries, Parenting style

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0162  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective: Parenting styles affect child's development, behavior, and oral health. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between parenting style and dental caries in 12-year-old children. Materials and methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. Data were collected from 270 parent–child pairs selected using random sampling techniques in Chengalpattu district, India. The nature of parenting style was determined using demographic profiles and questionnaires including the Parenting Style and Dimensional Questionnaire. An intraoral examination using the caries decayed, missing, filled tooth (DMFT) was performed to diagnose caries in children. Data were collected and analyzed using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS). Pearson's correlation was used to determine the relationship between parenting style and caries (p < 0.05). This was considered statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of dental caries and mean DMFT score among children with permissive parents was highest (r = 0.59, p < 0.05) when compared with those that of authoritative (r = –0.31, p < 0.05) and authoritarian parents (r = –0.89, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Parenting style had a direct association with dental caries among children. Children with permissive parenting have a higher risk of dental caries compared to children with authoritarian and authoritative parenting styles.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Abeer Al-Namankany

General Anesthesia in Children with Dental Diseases from Parents’ Perspective: A Cross-sectional Observational Study

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:4 - 7]

Keywords: Children, Dental anxiety, General anesthesia, Parent, Perception

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0151  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: General anesthesia (GA) is an important management method in dentistry. Objective: To assess parental perception and acceptance of GA in children with dental diseases in Al-Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia (SA). Methods: A cross-sectional observational study of a statistically calculated sample of 120 parents whose children aged 3–12 years old were scheduled to have full-mouth rehabilitation under GA. Parents were given a 9-item-validated questionnaire to answer to the best of their knowledge. Results: Almost half of the parents (48%) were unaware of the use of GA in children's dentistry. Although more than half of participating parents (56%) or their children had previous experience with GA; yet, most parents refused to choose GA (67%) because they thought that it is not safe for their children (71%). Significant differences were between the acceptance of GA and gender (p = 0.047) or level of education (p = 0.23). There was a parental agreement that the use of GA is necessary for pre-cooperative very young children (76%) and those with physical or mental disabilities (94%). Conclusion: Although GA is crucial for young and special needs children, parental perception and acceptance of the GA are still not adequate, therefore, information and education about the use of GA by anesthesiologists, surgeons, and the media are recommended to improve the parental perception of the GA outcome and its effect on improving children's quality of life.

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CASE REPORT

Madhuri Raviprakash Shinde, Swati Setty

Intraoral Capillary Hemangioma as a Benign Tumor: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:8 - 11]

Keywords: Benign tumor, Capillary hemangioma of oral cavity, Capillary hemangioma or pyogenic granuloma, Capillary hemangioma oral capillary hemangioma, Cavernous hemangioma, Oral capillary hemangioma, Pyogenic granuloma

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0156  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Hemangioma is a relatively common benign proliferation of blood vessels that primarily develops during childhood and rarely in adult patients. Two main forms of hemangioma are recognized as capillary and cavernous. The capillary form presents as a flat area consisting of numerous small capillaries. Cavernous hemangioma appears as an elevated lesion of a deep red color and consists of large dilated sinuses filled with blood. The aim of the study was to report the case of an intraoral capillary hemangioma in a patient and to describe the successful treatment of this case. Case presentation: The patient was a 54-year-old male who presented to the SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Department of Periodontology, with the complaint of bleeding and a slowly enlarging mass which interfered mastication.

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EXPERT VIEW/REVIEW PAPER

Faiez N Hattab

Chewing Gum for Oral and Dental Health: A Review

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:8] [Pages No:12 - 19]

Keywords: Caries, Chewing gum, Chlorhexidine, Fluoride, Periodontal disease, Sugar-free, Sugar substitute, Xerostomia

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0158  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: The widespread use of chewing gum has spurred interest in the use of chewing gum as a vehicle for a variety of drug delivery systems. Medicated chewing gum is an ideal dosage form for frequent dosing at low concentrations and has advantages due to ease of use and better human compliance. In dentistry, fluoride (F), chlorhexidine (CHX), calcium phosphate, and other mineral and metal salts are added to chewing gums. Aims and objectives: This review aims to highlight and update the use of chewing gum to promote oral and dental health based on published data over the past 40 years. Materials and methods: A thorough literature search was performed using appropriate keywords, including previous literature reviews. Results: Literature analysis shows the following five benefits: (1) Chewing gum strongly increases saliva flow and volume through mechanical action and the flavors it contains. (2) Saliva and its various constituents play an essential role in the protection of the teeth and oral health, by clearance of sugars and food debris; neutralizing plaque pH after a sugar challenge; promoting remineralization of early caries lesions, and allowing frequent topical application with relatively low therapeutic dose. (3) Sugary chewing gum proved to be cariogenic. (4) Sugar-free chewing gum with F and CHX is an important adjunct in inhibiting dental caries, decreasing plaque formation, and reducing gingivitis scores. (5) Chewing gum is a safe product with no adverse effects. Conclusion: The oral and dental benefits of sugar-free chewing gum have been confirmed by the International Dental Associations, Authorities, and Federations. Clinical implication: Adding sugar-free chewing gum to routine oral care of brushing with fluoridated dentifrice and interdental cleaners can reduce the risk of caries and gingivitis.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Rushika Velaparambil

Green Dentistry: The New Norm

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:20 - 23]

Keywords: Biomedical waste, Green dentistry, Herbal dentistry

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0163  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Global warming is a term we are well acquainted with, it refers to the gradual rise in the overall temperature of the atmosphere of the earth. Human activities are one of the amplifying factor for global warming. Although dentistry is concerned with maintenance of oral health and general welfare of the patient, we have a deleterious effect on the environment due to the production of large amount of waste and play a major role in contributing to global warming. Ecofriendly dentistry or green dentistry is a sustainable form of dentistry which aims at reducing the deleterious effect of dental pollution on the environment. It is an innovative way of dental practice which is environment-friendly and at the same time conserves money and time by reducing waste, conserving energy, and decreasing pollution with the use of latest techniques and procedures and by implementing the four R’s: rethink, reduce, reuse, and recycle.

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CASE REPORT

Akshat Sachdeva, Prashant Bhasin, Meenu G Singla, Ashima Garg, Monika Tandan, Hemanshi Kumar

Three-rooted Maxillary Premolar: A Case Report of an Unusual Anatomic Variation

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:24 - 26]

Keywords: Anatomical variation, Maxillary premolar, Root canal morphology, Three roots

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0159  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

A thorough understanding of the anatomy (both external and internal) of each tooth is a prerequisite prior to commencing root canal treatment. A major etiological factor for treatment failure is the inability to detect extra roots/canals. Anatomical variations can be present in any tooth and it is important for the clinician to explore any unusual anatomical variations during every step. The incidence of three distinct roots in a maxillary first premolar ranges from 0.4 to 9.2%. The successful endodontic treatment of a maxillary premolar with three roots is described in this case report.

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CASE REPORT

Mahesh Goel, Rajiv Tanwar, Charu Dayma

Nonsurgical Management of Pediatric Mandibular Fracture with a Customized Acrylic Open Cap Splint Luted with Glass Ionomer Cement: Two Case Reports

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:27 - 31]

Keywords: Acrylic, Case report, Dental trauma

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0160  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present case reports is to present a noninvasive conservative method for management of pediatric mandibular fractures with the help of a customized self-cured acrylic resin open cap splint that provides lateral compression on the mandibular dentition, which subsequently helps the reduced fracture fragment to reestablish preinjured occlusion and function during the course of healing. Background: Childhood trauma can lead to extreme mental thrust on growing children as well as on their parents. The most common pediatric facial skeletal injuries are mandibular fractures. The treatment approach is different for pediatric mandibular fractures as compared to adults in view of mandibular growth and the underlying growth of permanent tooth buds. Case description: A noninvasive approach was adopted in managing pediatric mandibular fractures in two cases reported to our department by using a customized acrylic resin open cap splint fixed with luting glass ionomer cement (GIC). Conclusion: In a pediatric fractured mandible, anatomical complexity may interfere with the periosteal envelope, resulting in an unstable outcome on development while using open reduction and internal fixation methods. Hence, closed reduction is the most favorable conservative technique. The case reports present successful management of a mandibular pediatric fracture using a GIC-luted acrylic open cap splint. Clinical significance: Technically, the significance of the present case reports is that pediatric mandibular fractures can go on to bony union and return to premorbid form and function very predictably by use of an acrylic open cap splint fixed with luting glass ionomer cement—a noninvasive procedure.

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CASE REPORT

Munivenkatappa Lakshmaiah Venkatesh Prabhuji, Bhavikatti Manjunath, Aysha A Jebin, Akshita Srivastava

Interdisciplinary Management of Large Nasopalatine Duct Cyst in a Pediatric Patient: A Rare Diagnosis

[Year:2023] [Month:January-April] [Volume:17] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:32 - 35]

Keywords: Case report, Maxillary, Nasopalatine

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0161  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this case report is to discuss and identify a rare diagnosis of a palatine duct cyst in a pediatric patient and its management. Background: Nasopalatine duct cyst is the most common non-odontogenic cyst affecting the mid-line anterior maxilla, incidentally diagnosed radiographically, most commonly between 30 and 60 years of age. While nasopalatine cysts are very rare in children, their potential development should not be neglected. Radiographically, seen as heart-shaped or round radiolucency in the anterior hard palate or in between the roots of the central incisors. Histopathology evaluation helps us to reach the proper diagnosis and eases us from unnecessary treatment protocols. Appropriate clinical and radiographical examination with a pulp vitality test has to be used before initiating any treatment for a radiolucent lesion in the maxillary anterior segment. Management includes cyst enucleation, and in rare cases, marsupialization may be required. Case description: A 10-year-old pediatric patient reported to the Department of Periodontics for an orthodontic consultation for spacing in the upper front tooth region. After radiological examination, a large radiolucent lesion was discovered accidentally on the hard palate. After all the clinical, radiological, and histopathological findings, the patient was then diagnosed with a nasopalatine duct cyst. Conclusion: Careful clinicopathologic correlation along with radiographic assessment is necessary in order to distinguish between different types of cysts in the maxillary anterior region. Clinical significance: This case highlights the importance of radiographic examination and careful clinicopathologic correlation in an asymptomatic large nasopalatine duct cyst in a pediatric patient.

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