Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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2020 | May-August | Volume 14 | Issue 2

Original Article

Jameela Abdul Haq

Future Implications of COVID-19 on Pediatric Dental Settings: A Cross-sectional Study

[Year:2020] [Month:May-August] [Volume:14] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:39 - 43]

Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, N-95 mask, Online survey, Pediatric dentist

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0069  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The whole world is amidst coronavirus outbreak which originated in Wuhan City, China, in the late December 2019. Coronavirus can be transmitted from person to person through direct or indirect contact or through aerosols generated during various medical and dental procedures. This has significant impact on dental health professionals who are at risk of infection. The purpose of this study is to assess the future impact of “coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19)” on pediatric dental settings. Materials and methods: A self-administered questionnaire was sent to various pediatric dentists across the globe through e-mail, which assessed their current state of mind and future preparation for practice. The collected data were analyzed, and percentage analysis was used to describe the data. Results: The majority of study subjects (97%) believed that COVID-19 would affect the dental practice. In all, 86.1% would defer dental treatment to suspicious patients, and 91.5% would look for COVID-19 signs and symptoms after resuming practice. In all, 96.4% of professionals would follow universal precautions of infection control for every patient, and 98.8% would like World Health Organization (WHO) to issue guidelines for dental practitioners. Conclusion: Dental health professionals are well informed about COVID-19 and are preparing themselves for future practice using WHO and other Dental Associations guidelines.

Original Article

Kishor Tom

Patient's Experience, Attitude, and Satisfaction toward the Use of a Digital Intraoral Camera in a Dental Screening Campaign

[Year:2020] [Month:May-August] [Volume:14] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:44 - 47]

Keywords: Dental campaign, Digital intraoral camera, Satisfaction

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0071  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim and objective: To evaluate the patient\'s previous experience, attitude, and satisfaction toward the use of a digital intraoral camera in a dental camp. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on visitors at the oral health awareness campaign, who had undergone oral health screening with the help of a digital intraoral camera. This study was conducted with the help of a questionnaire survey to ascertain their previous experience, attitude, and satisfaction toward the use of a digital intraoral camera in a dental setting. Results: As a matter of easing the communication with the dentist, 92% opined that the use of intraoral cameras helps in easing the communication with the dentist. For deciding on the treatment plan, 93% have an opinion that a digital intraoral camera helps them in understanding the treatment options suggested by the dentist and to select the best treatment option for them. Regarding their satisfaction of the respondents toward the intraoral camera, n (%) 56.55 of them opined that they were very satisfied while n (%) 32.74 of them were satisfied and n (%) 10.71 were neutral in their opinion. Conclusion: Based on these results, it can be concluded that most of the people were very satisfied with the use of a digital intraoral camera in the dental clinic setting as an aid toward understanding their present oral health status. It also helps them in understanding the treatment plan that the dental surgeon has suggested and helps them in communicating with the dentist.

Original Article

Yashi Andley, Sunny Mavi, Gazalla Altaf

Oral Health-related Quality of Life, Esthetic Perceptions, and Concerns about Dental Fluorosis among 8–12-year-old Schoolchildren in Faridabad District of Haryana

[Year:2020] [Month:May-August] [Volume:14] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:48 - 53]

Keywords: Dental fluorosis, Oral health-related quality of life, Perception, Quality of life

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0072  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Esthetics of fluorosis affected compromised maxillary incisors may influence the psychological well-being of an emotionally and physically developing child. Aim and objective: To evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), esthetic perceptions and concerns of children due to fluorosis affected permanent maxillary central incisors. Design: A convenient sample of 65 children, 8–12 years were included in the study. The clinical records of the child\'s fluorosis perception were collected by Social Impact of Dental Disease Questionnaire and Dental Impact on Daily performance (DIDP) questionnaire that are OHRQoL indicators and examined for fluorosis using the WHO, 2013 Criteria and were scored. Overall OHRQoL scores were calculated by summing all the responses in the questionnaire. Results: Mild fluorosis and a more acceptable appearance with satisfied OHRQoL were significant factors for children\'s perception of good oral health. The difference in child perception was significant in the group with fluorosis experience. Conclusion: Esthetic consideration is vital in fluorosed maxillary incisors in early mixed dentition.

Original Article

Talal Muteb Alshammari, Navin A Ingle, Mohammad A Baseer, Jamal A Alsanea, Fatima AlOtaibi, Asma H Almeslet

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Pediatricians and Family Physicians about Early Childhood Caries in Riyadh City

[Year:2020] [Month:May-August] [Volume:14] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:54 - 61]

Keywords: Attitude, Early childhood caries, Family physicians, Knowledge, Pediatricians, Practice

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0075  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Early childhood caries (ECC) has an impact on deciduous teeth of infants and children. Pediatricians and family physicians are often in a better position to evaluate children at an early age and are capable of assessing the oral health of children during regular visits. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of ECC among pediatricians and family physicians in Riyadh region. Materials and methods: A close-ended self-administered questionnaire was hand-circulated and mailed to pediatricians and family physicians in 5 tertiary hospitals in Riyadh (King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud Medical City, King Fahad Medical City, Prince Sultan Medical Military City, Security Forces Hospital) to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) about ECC. Results: A total of 207 medical practitioners participated in the study. The mean KAP scores were compared across different categories by applying Kruskal Wallis tests. Pediatricians showed higher knowledge [5.05 vs 4.28, p = 0.000], attitude [2.38 vs 2.30, p = 0.565], and practice [4.0 vs 3.58, p = 0.003] scores toward early childhood caries compared to the family physicians. The mean knowledge and practice scores were significantly higher among pediatricians compared to the family physicians. However, no significant difference was observed in attitude scores. Conclusion: Most of the physicians have knowledge regarding some aspects of early childhood caries but not the identification of early childhood caries. It is the need of the hour to formulate oral health information programs catering to both pediatricians and family physicians.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Saumya Paul, Megha Chawla

Cone-beam Computed Tomography in Pediatric Dentistry: Case Series and Review

[Year:2020] [Month:May-August] [Volume:14] [Number:2] [Pages:8] [Pages No:62 - 69]

Keywords: Computed tomography, Cone-beam computed tomography, Dentistry, Field of view, Oral and maxillofacial imaging, Radiograph, Radiography

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0074  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: For a standard of care for diagnosing and treatment planning in dentistry, two-dimensional (2D) imaging modalities such as cephalometric, panoramic, and periapical radiography are used since decades still there are some questions left unanswered in oral diagnosis and treatment planning. Thus, evolution toward three-dimensional technology was desired and cone-beam computed tomography CBCT was introduced. Background: As an alternate to standard CT using either spiral-scan geometries or fan beam, the cone-beam geometry was developed to supply more rapid acquisition of knowledge of the entire field of view (FOV) and it uses a cost-effective radiation detector. Results: Cone-beam computed tomography use should be based only on the diagnostic information needed as it has improved status of diagnosis and treatment planning of patients. Conclusion: The CBCT studies are easier to perform in dentistry if compared with a full-mouth series of radiographs, or in fact even a panoramic radiograph with bitewings and selected periapical images. Clinical significance: Cone-beam computed tomography used in various fields of dentistry should be depending upon the case and diagnostic information required.

CASE REPORT

Shiladitya Sil

Peripheral Odontogenic Fibromyxoma: A Report of a Unique Case

[Year:2020] [Month:May-August] [Volume:14] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:70 - 73]

Keywords: Lichen planus of jaw, Odontogenic fibromyxoma, Odontogenic myxoma, Peripheral odontogenic fibromyxoma

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0073  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Odontogenic myxoma is a benign, locally aggressive neoplasm that is known to have a high recurrence rate. Fibromyxoma is a variant of myxoma with a higher fibrous–myxoid tissue ratio. The peripheral type of odontogenic fibromyxoma still remains a diagnostic challenge, as very few cases are reported in the literature. One such case is reported here. A 54-year-old male patient reported to our OPD with a diffuse, slowly enlarging growth in the lower right side of the jaw without crossing the midline. Orthopantomogram was done that revealed generalized bone loss with cratering at the lesion site. Incisional biopsy was done along with immune histochemical evaluation for diagnosis confirmation. Surgical excision was done. No recurrence has been reported till now. These lesions clinically mimic any benign peripheral neoplasm. Hence, precise diagnosis is imperative before initiation of management protocols. Wide margin excision and rigid follow-up are recommended to minimize the chance of recurrence.

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