Prevalence and Pattern of Tobacco Usage Among Children Aged 9 to 13 Years in Schools of Naswadi Village, Gujarat, India
[Year:2018] [Month:September-December] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:73 - 78]
Keywords: Gujarat, Questionnaire-based study, School-going children, Tobacco use
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0030 | Open Access | How to cite |
Introduction: Tobacco use among children is ever increasing especially in rural parts of the country. Knowledge about its prevalence and usage pattern among children may aid in adopting measures for awareness and prevention of its use among children. Aim: To evaluate the prevalence and pattern of tobacco usage among children aged 9 to 13 years in Schools of Naswadi village, Gujarat, India. Method: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted in two schools of Naswadi village among 252 children. The participants were asked to complete a questionnaire and the forms were collected on the same day. The questionnaire was comprised of sociodemographic characteristics such as age, gender, grade, etc. and tobacco consumption habit was assessed in detail such as the type of tobacco used, mode of consumption, duration of tobacco use, reasons for use, etc. All the data obtained was analyzed, and the Chi-square test was used (p <0.001). Results: The overall prevalence observed was 53.2%. Out of 252 participants, 134 were using tobacco products. The overall prevalence among boys was 62.7% and among girls was 43.7%. About 88.5% of the boys and 100% of the girls consumed the smokeless type of tobacco. Majority of the children, 43% boys and 53% of girls started the habit as early as 9 to 10 years of age. Majority of the children (73.9%) procured tobacco from a family member (p <0.001). Conclusion: A high prevalence of tobacco use among children was observed in the present study. The age of initiation of the habit was found to be as early as 9 to 10 years of age. Majority of the children obtained a tobacco product from a family member.
Attitudes of Auto-rickshaw Drivers Towards Oral Health Care, Barriers of Dental Service Utilization in Vikarabad, Telangana, India
[Year:2018] [Month:September-December] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:79 - 84]
Keywords: Barriers to dental service utilization, Oral health knowledge, Oral hygiene practices
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0031 | Open Access | How to cite |
Introduction: Regular home oral care and yearly dental checkup are the best means for saving one's teeth. There are some working classes such as road transport drivers who work tirelessly behind the wheels, commuting to different places without adequate food, rest, and sleep. Objectives: To assess their oral health knowledge, oral hygiene practices, tobacco habit and the barriers in dental service utilization. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on the autorickshaw drivers at the auto-stands in and around Vikarabad. A pilot study was done, and the sample size was estimated as 200. A 16 item pretested, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data, and collected data were subjected to statistical analysis using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0. Results: Among 200 male participants, mean age was found to be 32 years. 79.5% knew that tobacco consumption causes cancer. 56.5% had a tobacco-related habit. Of them, 45.1% were not willing to quit. 55.0% did not visit the dental hospital as they did not experience any dental problem. Conclusion: The present study concluded that though majority of auto-drivers have knowledge that tobacco causes cancer, 45.1% of them were not willing to quit. This necessitates more extensive and effective cessation programmes in them.
Awareness Among Dentists Regarding Ergonomics in Dental Practice: A Cross-sectional Survey
[Year:2018] [Month:September-December] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:85 - 89]
Keywords: Dentist, Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal diseases, Occupational hazards
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0032 | Open Access | How to cite |
Background: Dentistry is a highly skilled profession, requires high concentration within a confined working environment, which requires different postural variations. Ergonomics is an applied science concerned with designing products and procedures for maximum efficiency and safety in dental practice. Aim: To assess the awareness of dentists towards ergonomics. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted among dentists of Dhule city which is cross-sectional, Maharashtra, India. A structured, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 19 closed-ended and one opened ended questions was administered to 135 dentists out of whom 109 responded. Out of 109 dentists, 33 were MDS. Thirty-eight were BDS and 38 were postgraduate students (PG). PG students were selected from the dental institute. The collected data were tabulated and subjected to analysis using appropriate statistical tests. Result: Though there was statistically no significant difference regarding awareness of ergonomics in between MDS, BDS and PG students, it was seen that there was awareness present among dentists, but its incorporation in their practice was lacking. Several disorders like musculoskeletal disorders have been seen till date because of improper ergonomics. Conclusion: Present study concludes that the majority of the dentists were having the knowledge and positive attitude towards ergonomics, but there was a lack of positive behavior towards it. It's a need of the hour to implement ergonomics strongly in the day to day life. Spreading awareness regarding ergonomics is necessary.
Patient Satisfaction with Dental Appearance and Treatment Desire to Improve Esthetics
[Year:2018] [Month:September-December] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:90 - 95]
Keywords: Esthetics, Dental appearance, Desire, Patient, satisfaction
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0033 | Open Access | How to cite |
Background: Dental appearance has become the most critical element of the pleasant look of the face. Therefore, it is one of the important factors of an individual's interaction with the community. Aim: To evaluate the patient's satisfaction with dental appearance, and treatment desires to improve their esthetics. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study utilized a structured, self-reported closed-ended questionnaire to collect information about dental esthetics among dental patients seeking treatment at university dental clinics. A convenient sampling technique was employed to select 1147 Saudi patients. A questionnaire was prepared in Google forms and administered through tablets to collect the data from study participants. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS–version) 21. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square tests performed. Results: Overall nearly (55.5%) of the patients were satisfied with their general appearance of teeth and (33.5%) were pleased with the color of their teeth. Very high percentage (79.5%) of patients desired to have teeth whitening treatment to improve esthetics. Younger (18 to 30 years) age group and females showed the significant desire for teeth whitening treatment compared to others. Protrusion of teeth, poorly aligned teeth, carious and discolored restorations, and fractured teeth all influence the dental appearance of the patients. Conclusion: Majority of the patients were not satisfied with the general appearance and color of their teeth. Teeth whitening treatment was the most desired by the patients to improve their dental aesthetics.
Proposed Framework for Analysis of Reflective Journal Writing of Dental School Students Participating in a Service-learning Program
[Year:2018] [Month:September-December] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:96 - 100]
Keywords: Cognition, Dental school education, Educational methodology, Professional socialization, Self-assessment
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0034 | Open Access | How to cite |
A student's personal and professional growth is a hallmark to proper dental education, and service-learning provides one avenue to help enable these skills and competencies. A common tool to help gauge this progression is by using reflective journal writing. This manuscript suggests that a more in-depth method of evaluating journals, such as by using Bloom's Taxonomy, may help to recognize higher levels of cognition achieved by the students during their service-learning experiences. Selected student reflective-journal quotes from an ongoing service-learning program at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, during the school year 2013- 2014, are used to illustrate the identification of cognition levels as described by Bloom. In return, identifying these levels may help to demonstrate the dynamic learning process presented by the implementation of particular service-learning programs. As encapsulated in their journals, many students are not only able to apply lower-level cognition skills, such as “comprehension,” but are also able to generate higher-order skills, such as demonstrating the ability to “analyze” and “synthesize” their thoughts. This manuscript is a call for a more detailed exploration of the manner in which reflective-journals may be used and interpreted.
Oral Health Changes in Relation to Aging in Geriatric Population: A Review
[Year:2018] [Month:September-December] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:101 - 105]
Keywords: Aging, Dental caries, Elderly care, Frail elders, Geriatric population, Oral health
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0035 | Open Access | How to cite |
Oral health is an integral part of general health and affects physical and mental well-being and quality of life of elderly persons. Dental care for geriatric patients has been increasing nowadays. The treatment and diagnosis of the geriatric patient are challenging, as these patient have both systemic and oral problem. There are systemic diseases with associated oral manifestations to which the patient is unaware of the condition. It can be diagnosed or speculated by the clinician after examination and investigation. Edentulousness and paucity of prosthodontic rehabilitation prevent the frail elders from choosing food that they like and refute them the pleasure of eating, which is prerequisite for a feeling of well-being. Oral mucosal diseases and lesions are common in elderly people. Lichenoid mucosal lesions can also be caused by a variety of medications commonly prescribed in older patients. The greatest challenge is to provide affordable, accessible, and equitable health care to this population. Oral health is an essential part of general health and affects physical and mental well-being and quality of life of elderly persons. To provide quality oral healthcare to the elderly, it is significant to focus on education in geriatric dentistry. This article reviews the systemic and oral changes in elderly patient and needs to educate dental practitioners in providing geriatric dental care. The treatment and diagnosis of geriatric patient is challenging, as these patient have both systemic and oral problem.
A Literature Review on Holistic Dentistry
[Year:2018] [Month:September-December] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:106 - 110]
Keywords: Alternative dentistry, Ayurveda in dentistry, Biologic dentistry, Holistic dentistry
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0036 | Open Access | How to cite |
The holistic dentistry is among the oldest practice of dentistry that is also called as biological dentistry, alternative dentistry or biocompatible dentistry. Traditional dentistry plainly deals with the head and neck region in general and oral cavity but the holistic dentistry deals with the unrecognized impact of oral health on the overall health of a person. This an age old alternative approach that is based on the assertion that the whole body is one unit and any changes in one part of this unit can have an impact on the whole unit. This review paper will focus on the principles of holistic dentistry and different natural approaches like ayurveda, aromatherapy, nutritional therapy, acupuncture, neural therapy and many more. All the procedures and materials with do's and don'ts are abridged to make our dental practice to “holistic”.