Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

Table of Content

2007 | January-April | Volume 1 | Issue 1

Total Views

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ravi V Shirahatti, L Nagesh

The Effects of Three Different Pastes on Enamel Caries Formation and Lesion Depth Progression-An In Vitro Study

[Year:2007] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:1 - 6]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-1-1-1  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Prevention of initiation and interruption in progression of early lesions are the desirable modes of caries management. Fluoride dentifrices and casein phosphopeptides are known to inhibit demineralization and enhance remineralization. The present study was conducted with the objective to investigate the effects of fluoridated dentifrice, non-fluoridated dentifrice and casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate paste on enamel caries formation and lesion depth progression.228 tooth sections derived from extracted human permanent molars.were used The study was carried out in 3 phases where in each phase the enamel sections were treated for 14 days twice a day for 3 minutes with respective agents, followed by acid demineralization using 0.05 M acetic acid resulting in lesions. The depths of the lesions were measured using stereomicroscope. The mean lesion depths of three test groups were compared with each other as well as with control group at the end of each phase. Comparison of mean lesion depths of different groups was carried out using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and student's unpaired-t-test. The fluoridated dentifrice group had significantly lesser mean lesion depth than control group in all the three phases (P<0.05). In second phase, non-fluoridated dentifrice and CPP-ACP paste groups had significantly lesser mean lesion depths than control groups (P<0.05). The study demonstrated that twice a day application of fluoridated dentifrice provides substantial protective effect against lesion formation and lesion depth progression. The study could not demonstrate any additional ability of CPP-ACP paste in reducing lesions depth progression and effect was similar to non-fluoridated dentifrice group.

2,212

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Pradeep. S. Tangade

The Prevalence of Anterior Teeth Fracture and its Relation to Malocclusion in 12 and 15 Year Old School Children Belgaum City India

[Year:2007] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:7 - 11]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-1-1-7  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Method

An epidemiological cross sectional study was carried out among 3621 school going children (2418 boys and 1203 girls) in Belgaum city aged 12 and 15 years. Interview was conducted fro other variables and clinical examination using modified WHO performa was done.

Results

The prevalence of anterior teeth fracture was 4.41%. The prevalence rate for males was 4.96% and females 3.33%. The maxillary left central incisor had more risk for fracture (42.7%). Enamel fractures compromised of 59.54%. The prevalence rate of malocclusion was 27.3%.

Conclusions

The study concludes that there is a strong relationship between malocclusion and fractured anterior teeth (P<0.001). Key words: Malocclusion, Trauma, Prevalence, Tooth Fracture

1,611

RESEARCH ARTICLE

L Nagesh, HV Amith

Effect of Oil Pulling on Plaque and Gingivitis

[Year:2007] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:7] [Pages No:12 - 18]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-1-1-12  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objectives

(1) To assess the effect of oil pulling on plaque and gingivitis. (2) To monitor its safety on oral soft and hard tissues.

Methodology

10 subjects performed Oil Pulling along with their other oral hygiene measures for 45 days, using Refined Sunflower Oil. Their Plaque and gingival scores were assessed periodocally by modified PHP and Gingival indices. The results were subjected to t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test.

Results

The reduction in plaque and gingival scores from baseline to 45 days were 0.81+-_0.41 (P<0.01) and 0.39+_0.17 (P<0.01) respectively. The differences were found to be statistically significant.

Conclusion

Oil pulling is having dental benefits. Hence this holds a chance to be added to other oral hygiene measures.

2,147

CASE REPORT

Vishaka Grover, Anoop Kapoor, C.M. Marya

Amlodipine Induced Gingival Hyperplasia

[Year:2007] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:19 - 22]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-1-1-19  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Calcium channel blockers are one of the most commonly used drugs for the management of cardiovascular disorders and are known for causing gingival over growth as adverse effects. Now a days, a new drug in this family Amlodipine, is being widely used, because of its duration of action. But it is of concern to the dental practitioner that this drug too has a similar effect on gingival tissues. This paper aims at drawing the attention of dentists towards the adverse effects of amlodipine along with providing a brief review of the pharmacologic profile of this drug, its effects on the gingiva and the management of hyperplasia.

1,433

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ashish Kumar

Referral of a Periodontal Patient- When & Why?

[Year:2007] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:23 - 26]

   DOI: 10.5005/johcd-1-1-23  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

PLast two decades have seen vast increase in the knowledge of the periodontal disease process, its pathology & also a sudden rise in various treatment modalities to cure it. With periodontitis being one of the most common diseases affecting the oral cavity, the interest in periodontics has risen over last decades. Still the referral process for periodontal patients is not as common as for other specialties of dentistry. This is despite the fact that it may not be possible for many of the general dentists to effectively treat periodontal patients and provide optimal care. The general dentists need to understand what periodontists do & what value they bring to patient care as the scope of periodontal practice has broadened. This article stresses on the importance of referral process of a periodontal patient in general practice as team approach always works better.

1,433

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.