Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2014 ) > List of Articles


Implant Surface Modification and Osseointegration-Past, Present and Future

A Kumar, V Kumar, M Goel, R Mehta, G Bhayana, S Wadhwa

Citation Information : Kumar A, Kumar V, Goel M, Mehta R, Bhayana G, Wadhwa S. Implant Surface Modification and Osseointegration-Past, Present and Future. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2014; 8 (2):113-118.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-8-2-113

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-06-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).


Biological fixation between the dental implant surfaces and jaw bones should be considered a prerequisite for the long-term success of implant-supported prostheses. The implant surface modifications gained an important and decisive place in implant research over the last years. Nowadays, a large number of implant types with a great variety of surface properties and other features are commercially available and have to be treated with caution. Although surface modifications have been shown to enhance osseointegration at early implantation times, for example, the clinician should look for research evidence before selecting a dental implant for a specific use.

PDF Share
  1. Intraosseous anchorage of dental prostheses. I. Experimental studies. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg 1969;3:81-100.
  2. Electron microscopic analysis of the bone – Titanium interface. Acta Orthop Scand 1983;54:45-52.
  3. Direct bone anchorage of oral implants: clinical and experimental considerations of the concept of osseointegration. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:30-41.
  4. Biologic determinants of bone formation for osseointegration: clues for future clinical improvements. J Prosthet Dent 1998;80:439-449.
  5. Cell and matrix reactions at titanium implants in surgically prepared rat tibiae. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1997;12:472-85.
  6. Status of surface treatment in endosseous implant: A literary Overview. Indian J Dent Res 2010;21(3):433-38.
  7. Materials for enhancing cell adhesion by immobilization of cell-adhesive peptide. J Biomed Mater Res 1991;25:132-137.
  8. Implant Surfaces. Dent Clin North Am 2006;50:323-38.
  9. The effects of implant surface topography on the behavior of cells. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1988;3:231-46.
  10. Implant materials, designs and surface topographies: their effect on osseointegration. A literature review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2000;15:675-90.
  11. The effects of implant surface topography on the behavior of cells. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1998;3:231-46.
  12. Surface treatments of titanium dental implants for rapidosseointegration. Dental Materials 2007;23:844-54.
  13. Histologic evaluation of the bone integration of TiO2 blasted and turned titanium microimplants in humans. Clin Oral Implants Res 2001;12:128-34.
  14. Effects of implant design and surface on bone regeneration and implant stability: an experimental study in the dog mandible. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2001;3:2-8.
  15. Histomorphometric analysis of the boneimplant contact obtained with 4 different implant surface treatments placed side by side in the dog mandible. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2002;17:377-83.
  16. Overview of surfacevariability of metallic endosseous dental implants: Textures and porous surfacestructured designs. Implant Dent 1998;7(4):305-14.
  17. Evaluationof a new dense-porous hydroxyapatite endosteal dental implant. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1987;45:583-93.
  18. Optimum surface properties of oxidized implants for reinforcement of\osseointegration: surface chemistry, oxide thickness, porosity, roughness, and crystal structure. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2005;20:349-59.
  19. Plasma sprayed coating of hydroxyapatite. J Biomed Mater Res 1987;21:1375-81.
  20. Biomaterials 2004;25:4601-06
  21. Surface properties of endosseous implants after NdYAg and CO2 laser treatment at various energies. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2005;63:1522-77.
  22. Biocompatibility of hydroxyapatite thin films obtained by pulsed laser deposition. Rev Adv Mater Sci 2004;8:164-69
  23. Application of magnetron sputtering for producing ceramic coatings on implant material. Clin Oral Imp Res 1993;4:28-34.
  24. Bone response to radio frequency sputtered calcium phosphate implants and titanium implants in vivo. J Biomed Mater Res 2002;59:184-190.
  25. The electrochemical behavior of Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy with and without plasmasprayed hydroxyapatite coating in Hank's solution. J Biomed Mater Res 2002; 63(5):664-70.
  26. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2001;16:627-36.
  27. et al. Immobilization of bisphosphonates on surface modi”ed titanium. Biomaterials 2001;22:709-715
  28. Nanotechnology Approaches for Better Dental Implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2011;26(Suppl):25-49.
  29. BMP stimulation of bone response adjacent to titanium implants in vivo. Clin Oral Implants Res 1999;10:212-18.
  30. Demonstration of the osseoinductive effect of bone morphogenetic protein within endosseous dental implants. Implant Dent 2004;13:180-84.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.