Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Utilization Of Dental Services Among Secondary School Students

JE Enabulele, NM Chukwumah

Citation Information : Enabulele J, Chukwumah N. Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Utilization Of Dental Services Among Secondary School Students. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2015; 9 (2):55-59.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-9-2-55

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objective

This study evaluated the socio demographic determinants of utilization of dental services among secondary school students.

Method

A cross-sectional study of secondary school students attending schools in the immediate vicinity of a tertiary health facility that provides dental services. The analysis was done using frequency distribution, logistic regression, cross tabulations and test of significance with chi square. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

A total of 741 students participated in the study with 207 (27.9%) reporting dental visits mainly when they had dental problems. There was statistically significant association between the type of student, class and utilization of oral health services. Logistic regression showed no socio demographic factor was predictive of utilization of oral health services.

Conclusion

Although knowledge of who a dentist is was high, utilization of dental services was poor with no socio demographic factor being a predictor of utilization of dental services.


PDF Share
  1. Documented dental attendance patterns during childhood and adolescence. Br Dent J 1996;180:145–48.
  2. Impact of the Iowa S-SCHIP program on access to dental care for adolescents. Pediatr Dent 2005;27:47–53.
  3. Disparities in dental service utilization among Alabama Medicaid children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2002;30:369–76.
  4. Consensus development conference statement: Diagnosis and management of dental caries throughout life. J Am Dent Assoc 2001;132(8):1153–61.
  5. Factors associated with use of preventive dental and health services among US adolescents. J Adolesc Health 2001;29:395–405.
  6. Policy on prevention of sports-related orofacial injuries. Pediatr Dent 2004;26(suppl):44.
  7. Adolescent health insurance coverage: recent changes and access to care. Pediatrics 1999;104:195–202.
  8. Perceived health status and use of healthcare services among children and adolescents. Eur J Public Health 2006;16(4):405–14.
  9. Factors associated with dental attendance among adolescents in Santiago, Chile. BMC Oral Health 2007;7:4. Available at http://www.biomedcentral.com/147-6831/7/4. Acessed 21st July 2015.
  10. Factors associated with the dental visiting habits of adolescents in the west of Scotland. Community Dent Health 1993;10:365–73.
  11. Dental services utilization between 1977 and 1995 by Finnish adolescents of different socioeconomic levels. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1997;25:385–390.
  12. Social inequalities in oral health and in use of oral health care services among adolescents in Uganda. Int J Paediatr Dent 2004;14:326–35.
  13. Gender-based differences in factors related to non-utilization of dental care in young Norwegians. A longitudinal study. Eur J Oral Sci 2003;111:377–82.
  14. Factors associated with use of preventive dental and health services among US adolescents. J Adolesc Health 2001;29:395–405.
  15. A profile of black and hispanic subgroups' access to dental care: findings from the national health interview survey. J Public Health Dent 1992;52:210–15.
  16. Pediatric dental visits during 1996: An analysis of the federal Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Pediatr Dent 2000;22:17–20.
  17. Family structure, socioeconomic position and utilization of oral health services among Nigerian senior secondary school pupils. J Pub Health Dent 2013;73:158–65.
  18. A gender perspective of self-perceived oral health in adolescents: associations with attitudes and behaviours. Community Dent Health 2001;18:110–16.
  19. Utilisation of dental services among secondary school students in Lagos, Nigeria. Nig Dent J 2007;15:87–91.
  20. Barriers to oral health care utilization in Ibadan, South-Western Nigeria. Afr Health Sci 2012;12:507–13.
  21. Factors associated with use of preventive dental and health services among US adolescents. J Adolesc Health 2001;29:395–405
  22. Factors affecting utilization of dental health services and satisfaction among adolescent females in Riyadh City. The Saudi Dental Journal 2010;22(1):19–25.
  23. Illness-related behavior and utilization of oral health services among adult city-dwellers in Burkina Faso: evidence from a household survey. BMC Heath Services Res 2006;6:164. Available at http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/6/164. Accessed 27th July, 2015.
  24. Use of dental services. An analysis of visits, procedures and providers, 1996. J Am Dent Assoc 2002;133:167–75.
  25. The use of Dental services by adult Singaporeans. Singapore Dent J 1993; 18:22–25.
  26. Determinants of Dental care visits among low-income African-American children. J Am Dent Assoc 2007;138:301–18.
  27. Household utilisation of dental services in Ibadan, Nigeria. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 1994;22:338–39.
  28. Self-reported dental visits among adults in Benin City, Nigeria. Int Dent J 2004;54:450–56.
  29. Utilisation of dental services in a population of Nigerian University students. Nig Dent J 2007; 15:83–86.
  30. Utilisation of dental services among patients in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2013;7(2):91–94.
  31. Patterns and factors affecting dental utilisation among adolescents in Sri Lanka. Int Dent J 2001;51:353–358.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.