Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Prevalence of Malocclusion and Orthodontic Treatment Needs Among 12 and 15 Years Old Rural School Children in Kancheepuram District, Tamilnadu

NA Ingle, S Hemapriya, PE Chaly, VC Reddy

Citation Information : Ingle N, Hemapriya S, Chaly P, Reddy V. Prevalence of Malocclusion and Orthodontic Treatment Needs Among 12 and 15 Years Old Rural School Children in Kancheepuram District, Tamilnadu. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2013; 7 (2):84-90.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-7-2-84

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Oral health care in rural areas is limited due to shortage of dental manpower, financial constraints and the lack of perceived need for dental care among rural masses.

Aim and Objectives

To assess malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12 and 15 years old rural school children in Kancheepuram district.

Materials and Methods

Multistage random sampling methodology was employed for the selection of blocks, village panchayats, schools and school children. The final sample size of the study is 1000 which included 500 children from 12 years and 500 from 15 years. The malocclusion was recorded using Dental Aesthetic Index.

Results

The overall prevalence of malocclusion among both the age groups was 75%. The mean DAI score among the 12 years was 29.1 ± 6.02 and among the 15 years was 28.2 ± 5.45 respectively.

Conclusion

The results of this study indicate that there is high prevalence of malocclusion among the rural school children.


PDF Share
  1. Area wise distribution of dental caries among 5 year old government school children in Meerut city: A descriptive cross sectional epidemiological survey. Indian J of Stomatol 2011;2(2):98–101.
  2. Caries prevalence and treatment needs of rural school children in Chidambaram Taluk, Tamil Nadu, South India. IJDR 2008;19(3):186–90.
  3. Prevalence of dental health problems among school going children in rural Kerala. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2003;21(4):147–51.
  4. Geneva. AITBS Publishers and Distributors, Delhi.
  5. Accessed on September 2011.
  6. Prevalence of Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among middle and high school children of Davangere city, India by using Dental Aesthetic Index. J Indian SocPedod Prevent Dent 2009;27(4): 211–18.
  7. Prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 9 to 12 years old in the city of Nova FRiburgo, Rio de Janerio State, Brazil. R Dental Press Ortop Facial Maringa 2009;14(6): 118–24.
  8. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in the school going children of rural areas in Udaipur district. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2007;119–21.
  9. Assessment of malocclusion status in relation to area of residence among 15 year old school children using Dental Aesthetic Index. International Journal of Dental Clinics 2011;3(2):14–17.
  10. Prevalence of Malocclusion in school children of Nagpur Rural Region – An Epidemiological study. JIDA 2011;5(8):865–67.
  11. Severity of Malocclusion and Orthodontic Treatment needs among 12 to 15 year old school children of Davangere District, Karnataka, India. European Journal of Dentistry 2010;4:298–307.
  12. Dental aesthetic index: Applicability in Indian population: A retrospective study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2010;28(1):13–17.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.