Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Prevalence of Caries and Periodontal Disease in Betel Quid Chewers in Relation to Gender

A Wali, TM Siddiqui, M Taqi, N Niazi, Rizwaullah

Citation Information : Wali A, Siddiqui T, Taqi M, Niazi N, R. Prevalence of Caries and Periodontal Disease in Betel Quid Chewers in Relation to Gender. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2013; 7 (2):80-83.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-7-2-80

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of our study is to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease in betel quid chewers in relation to gender and to determine the treatment need and priorities in Betel quid chewers attending Baqai Dental College.

Material and Method

A cross sectional study conducted among patients selected from the out patient department of Baqai Dental College Karachi. A total of 100 patients aged between 22 to 60 years participated in the study. Patients with consumption of minimum seven betel quid since at least 6 months were included. Informed consent was obtained before the study began and each patient completed a questionnaire. The purpose of which was to access and obtain the information about the betel quid habits. Patients were asked to proceed for an oral examination as soon as they had finished filling the questionnaire. Reliability and validity of data was analyzed by chi square test using SPSS 19.0 version.

Result

A Total of 100 patients were examined in this survey. The total number of sound teeth in males was 443(84%) and total number of teeth with decay was 85(16%). The total number of sound teeth in females was 207(76%) and total number of teeth with decay was 65(24%). Female subjects showed 61% of pocket 4-5mm, mostly observed in lower right first molar. In males 4-5mm pocket was 80%, Bleeding on probing was 1% in females and 4% in males. Pocket greater than 6mm was 27% in females and 16% in males.

Conclusion

The present study concluded that effect of dental caries in betel quid chewers is less. A high prevalence rate of periodontal disease was found in betel quid chewers.


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