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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2011 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Survey On Dental Knowledge and Gingival Health of Pregnant Women Attending Government Maternity Hospital, Chennai.

Navin Anand Ingle, V. Chandrasekhara Reddy, Akila Ganesh, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly

Citation Information : Ingle NA, Reddy VC, Ganesh A, Chaly PE. A Survey On Dental Knowledge and Gingival Health of Pregnant Women Attending Government Maternity Hospital, Chennai.. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2011; 5 (1):24-30.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-5-1-24

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2011

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2011; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

A study was done to determine dental knowledge and gingival health of pregnant women.

Materials and Methods

The survey was done on 208 antenatal women attending Government Maternity Hospital, Chennai. The dental knowledge was assessed by a close-ended questionnaire. Oral hygiene and gingival health were assessed using Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified and Gingival Index. Statistical analysis using McNemars Chi Square Test and Karl Pearson's Correlation test were done to evaluate the data.

Results

More than 96.6% (201) of the women had good dental knowledge. Mild, moderate and severe gingivitis was found to be 49.5% (103), 46.6% (97) and 3.8% (8), respectively. 7.2% (15), 66.8% (139) and 26% (54) had good, fair and poor oral hygiene, respectively. There was a statistically significant moderate positive correlation between the OHI-S and GI scores (p = 0.001, Karl Pearson's Correlation Coefficient = 0.57).

Conclusion

Women should be educated on good oral hygiene practices so as to minimise prevalence of gingivitis during pregnancy.


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