Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 4 , ISSUE Spl ( 2010 ) > List of Articles


Lasers in Periodontics: An Overview

Vivek K Bains, Rhythm Bains

Citation Information : Bains VK, Bains R. Lasers in Periodontics: An Overview. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2010; 4 (Spl):29-34.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-Spl-29

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; The Author(s).


Among commonly used lasers in dentistry viz CO2, Nd:YAG, Ho:YAG, Er: YAG, Er, Cr:YSGG, Nd:YAP, GaAs (diode) and argon, Er:YAG laser, at appropriate settings, possesses the best property for selective subgingival calculus removal without a thermal change of the root surface, soft tissue surgical procedures, root surface alterations, degranulation and implant surface decontamination alongwith proposed application in osseous surgery. Epithelial exclusion using CO2 laser has been suggested to retard its downward growth. Waterlase® and PeriowaveTM systems are recent devices that have further revolutionised the laser techonology for its favourable clinical applications; however, the procedural cost with the laser device still constitutes an obstacle for its routine application.

PDF Share
  1. Stimulated optical radiation in ruby. Nature 1960;187:493–494.
  2. Effects of laser: impact on teeth. J Am Dent Assoc 1965;70:601–606.
  3. Laser inhibition of dental caries suggested by first tests in vivo. J Am Dent Assoc 1972;85:1087–1090.
  4. The evolution of lasers in dentistry: Ruby to YSGG. 4-Continuing Dental Education Units.
  5. Carbon dioxide laser surgery for benign oral lesions. Br Dent J 1985;158:125–128.
  6. The CO2 laser in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxxillofac Surg 1983;41:725–728.
  7. The laser gingivectomy. J Periodont 1985;56:492–494.
  8. In vivo caries removal utilising the YAG laser. J Mich Dent Assoc 1985;67:66–69.
  9. First soft tissue study utilising a pulsed Nd:YAG dental laser. Northwest Dent 1989;68:14–17.
  10. What lasers can do for dentistry and you. Dent Manage 1989;29:26–28.
  11. Lasers in dentistry. Br Dent J 1991;170:343–346.
  12. Lasers in periodontics. Periodontal Clin Investig 1992;14:14–20.
  13. The use of lasers in periodontology. Curr Opin Dent 1992;2:104–108.
  14. Fundamentals of dental lasers: science and instruments. Dent Clin N Am 2008;48:751–770.
  15. New York: Charles Scribner's son; 1971.
  16. The theory of specta and atomic constitution. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1922.
  17. Lasers in periodontics: a review of literature. J Periodontol 2006;77:545–564.
  18. Lasers and soft tissue curettage: an update. Compend Cont Ed Dent 2002;23:1104–1111.
  19. Lasers for initial periodontal therapy. Dent Clin N Am 2004;48:923–936.
  20. Four modalities of periodontal treatment compared over five years. J Clin Periodontol 1987;14:445–452.
  21. Lasers in nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Periodontol 2004;36:59–97.
  22. The results of 1328 periodontal pockets treated with the argon laser: selective pocket thermolysis. J Clin Laser Med Surg 1995;13:237–281.
  23. Treatment of periodontal pockets with a diode laser. Lasers Surg Med 1998;22:302–311.
  24. Clinical efficacy of the Nd:YAG laser for combination periodontitis thaerapy. Pract Periodontics Aesthet Dent 1997;9:1–5.
  25. Comparison of Nd: YAG laser versus scaling and root planing in periodontal therapy. J Periodontol 1999;70:1276–1282.
  26. Lasers in periodontal therapy, a five year retroapective. J California Dental Hygiene Assoc 2001;16:17–20.
  27. Bacterial effect of erbium YAG laser on periopathic bacteria. Lasers Surg Med 1996;19:190–200.
  28. Effect of an Er:YAG laser on periodontally involved root surfaces: an in vivo and in vitro SEM comparison. Laser Surg Med 2001;29:328–335.
  29. In vivo and in vitro effects of an Er:YAG laser, a Ga Al As diode laser, and scaling and root planing on periodontally diseased root surfaces: a comparative histologic study. Laser Surg Med 2003;32:359–366.
  30. Effects of Er, Cr:YSGG laser irradiation on the root surface: morphologic analysis and efficiency of calculus removal. J Periodontol 2007;78:2156–2164.
  31. Application of lasers in periodontics: true innovation or myth? Periodontol 2009;50:90–126.
  32. In vitro studies on laser scaling of subgingival calculus with an erbium: YAG laser. J Periodontol 1994;65:1097–1106.
  33. In vitro evaluation of Er:YAG laser scaling of subgingival calculus in comparison with ultrasonic scaling. J Periodontal Res 2000;35:266–277.
  34. Dental laser research: selective ablation of caries, calculus, and microbial plaque: from idea to the first in vivo investigation. Dent Clin North Am 2004;48:1077–1104.
  35. Lasers in dentistry. Lasers Surg Med 1995;16:103–133.
  36. Extracellular matrix in healing CO2 laser incision wound. J Oral Pathol 1987;16:322–331.
  37. Use of pulsed Nd;YAG laser for intraoral soft tissue surgery. Lasers Surg Med 1991;11:455–461.
  38. Free autogenous soft tissue graft with argon laser. Laser Surg Med 1994;15:168–175.
  39. Retardation of epithelial migration in monkeys using a carbon dioxide laser. J Periodontol 1992;63:902.
  40. Retardation of epithelial migration in monkeys using a carbon dioxide laser: an animal study. J Periodontol 1992;63:902–907.
  41. Use of the carbon dioxide laser in retarding epithelial migration: a pilot histological human study utilising case reports. J Periodontol 1995;66:197–204.
  42. Carbon dioxide lasers for deepitheialisation of periodontal flaps. J Periodontol 1997;68:763–769.
  43. Laser deepithelialisation for enhanced guided tissue regeneration: a paradigm shift? Dent Clin N Am 2000;44:793–809.
  44. Effect of Er:YAG laser combined with rhPDGF-BB on attachment of cultured fibroblasts to periodontally involved root surfaces. J Periodontol 2007;78:1329–1341.
  45. Adhesion and growth of cultured human gingival fibrblasts on periodontally involved root surfaces treated by Er:YAG laser. J Priodontol 2003;74:1368–1375.
  46. Effects of CO2 laser treatment on fibroblast attachment to root surfaces. A scanning electron microscopy analysis. J Periodontol 2002;73:1308–1312.
  47. Effects of Nd:YAG laser and combined treatments on in vitro fibroblast attachment to root surfaces. J Clin Periodontol 1994;21:38–44.
  48. Treatment of periodontal packs with a diode laser. Lasers Surg Med 1998;22:302–311.
  49. The effects of the Nd:YAG laser on in vitro fibroblast attachment to edotoxin-treated root surfaces. J Periodontol 1992;63:626–632.
  50. Impact of the laser on dental caries. Nature 1964;203:417.
  51. Compositional analysis of root cementum and dentine compared with CO2 lased and intact roots using Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy. J Periodontal Res 2002;37:50–59.
  52. Scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy analysis of bone removal using Er:YAG and CO2 lasers. J Periodontol 2002;73:643–652.
  53. Removal of partially erupted third molars using an Erbium (Er):YAG laser: a randomised controlled clinical trial. Br J Oral Maxillofacial Surg 2004;42:203–208.
  54. Er: YAG laser osteotomy for intraoral bone grafting procedures: a case series with a fiber-optic delivery system. J Periodontol 2007;78:2389–2394.
  55. Erbium: YAG laser application in the second phase of implant surgery: a pilot study in 20 patients. Int J Oral Maxillofacial Implants 2003;18:104–112.
  56. Effect of Nd:YAG, Ho:YAG, Er:YAG, CO2 and Ga Al As laser irradiation on surface properties of endosseous dental implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2002;17:202–211.
  57. Effects of diode and Nd:YAG laser irradiation on titanium discs: a scanning elctron micrscope examination. J Periodontol 2000;71:810–815.
  58. CO2 lasers and temperature changes of titanium implants. J Periodontol 1995;66:1017–1024.
  59. Effects of an Er: YAG laser and the vector ultrasonic system on the biocompatibility of titanium implants in cultures of human osteoblast-like cells. Clin Oral Implants Res 2003;14:784–792.
  60. In vivo animal trials with a scanning CO2 laser osteotome. Lasers Surg Med 1998;23:299–309.
  61. Waterlase in Periodontics. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2006;10:316–321.
  62. Photodynamic therapy: is it more effective than current standard of care? An evidenced based study of literature. Online Available from:
  63. Application of laser in periodontics: a new approach in periodontal therapy. Dental Bulletin (The Hong Kong Medical Diary) 2007; 12:23–25.
  64. Effects of coaxial CO2/Nd:YAG irradiation on periodontal wound healing. Lasers Surg Med 1992;12:401–409.
  65. Periodontal tissue regeneration in beagle dogs after laser therapy. Lasers Surg Med 1997;21:395–402.
  66. Histologic evaluation of soft tissue attachment to CO2 laser-treated root surfaces: an in vivo study. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 1997;17:316–25.
  67. Histologic evaluation of alveolar bone following CO2 laser removal of connective tissue from periodontal defects. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 1995; 15:497–506.
  68. Immunohistochemical characterization of periodontal wound healing following nonsurgical treatment with fluorescence controlled Er:YAG laser radiation in dogs. Lasers Surg Med 2007;39:428–440.
  69. Healing of intrabony defects following surgical treatment with or without an Er:YAG laser. J Clin Periodontol 2004;31:604–608.
  70. Histologic evaluation of an Nd:YAG laser-assisted new attachment procedure in humans. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2007;27:577–587.
  71. Wound healing after laser treatment of oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Lasers Med Sci 2003;18:36–42.
  72. The impact of laser application on periodontal and peri-implant wound healing. Periodontol 2009;51:79–108.
  74. Dental laser safety. Dent Clin N Am 2004;48:795–807.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.