Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 4 , ISSUE Spl ( 2010 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Stress and Periodontium: A Review of Concepts

Manish Bathla, Shalu Chandna

Citation Information : Bathla M, Chandna S. Stress and Periodontium: A Review of Concepts. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2010; 4 (Spl):17-22.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-Spl-17

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; The Author(s).


Abstract

Stress is nevertheless a confirmed and important factor in the etiology and maintenance of many inflammatory diseases, including periodontal disease. Stress results in delayed healing of the connective tissues and bone, apical migration of the junctional epithelium and formation of periodontal pocket. This paper describes general overview of stress, the relationship between stress & periodontium, the current models for understanding how stress mechanisms interact to regulate the onset and course of the disease and the evidence in favor of stress and against the stress being the etiological factor. Thus, it is important to recognize patient who are in stress and to be able to advise patients about the possible effects of stress on periodontal disease if the level of stress cannot be lowered.


PDF Share
  1. Comprehensive Texbtook of Psychiatry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 8th Ed., 2180–2183.
  2. Introduction to Psychology. Tata McGraw Hill Edition. 7th Ed., 307–338.
  3. Living with stress, First Edition, PP 11–12: Middlesex: Penguin 1998.
  4. The concepts of stress and stress system disorders. Overview of physical and behavioral homeostasis. J Am Med Assoc 1992;267:1244–1252.
  5. Stress, chronic inflammation, and emotional and physical well – being: concurrent effects and chronic sequelae. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000;106:S275–S291.
  6. A healthy body in a healthy mind – and vice-versa – the damaging power of uncontrollable stress. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002;83:1842–1845.
  7. Models to evaluate the role of stress in periodontal disease. Ann Periodontol 1998;3:288–302.
  8. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. J Psychosom Res 1967;11:213–218.
  9. Symptoms, hassles, social supports, and life events: problem of confounded measures. J Abnorm Psychol 1984;93:222–230.
  10. Stress and immune function. Clin Neuropharmacol 1986;9(Suppl 4):485–487.
  11. Psychoneuroimmunology and health consequences: data and shared mechanisms. Psychosom Med 1995;57:269–274.
  12. Psychoneuroimmunology and psychosomatic medicine: back to the future. Psychosom Med 2002;64:15–28.
  13. Major and minor life events as predictors of psychological distress. Further issues and findings. J Behav Med 1983;6:189–205.
  14. The role of stress in inflammatory disease, including periodontal disease: review of concepts and current findings. Periodontology 2002;30:91–103.
  15. Psychosocial factors in inflammatory periodontal diseases. A review. J Clin Periodontol 1995;22:516–526.
  16. Emotional stress effects on immunity, gingivitis and periodontitis. Eur J Oral Sci 1996;104:327–334.
  17. Current view of risk factors for periodontal diseases. J Periodontol 1996;67:1041–1049.
  18. Stress management improves long-term glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2002;25:30–34.
  19. How type 1 diabetic patients with good or poor glycemic control cope with diabetes-related stress. Diabetes Metab 2001;27:553–559.
  20. Meaning of illness and health outcomes in type 1 diabetes. Endocr Pract 2001;7:250–255.
  21. Pain perception, coping strategies, and stress management among periodontal patients with repeated surgeries. Percept Mot Skills 1995;80:327–334.
  22. Urinary catecholamine levels and gingivitis in children. J Periodontol 1998;69:554–560.
  23. Increase in gingival inflammation under academic stress. J Clin Periodontol 1998;25:431–433.
  24. Increase of crevicular interleukin 1beta under academic stress at experimental gingivitis sites and at sites of perfect oral hygiene. J Clin Periodontol 1999;26:1–8.
  25. J Clin Periodontol 1998;25:431–433.
  26. Gingival and periodontal disease. J Am Dent Assoc 1949:38:174.
  27. Psychosocial factors and adult onset rapidly progressive periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol 1996;23:789–794.
  28. emotional factors in periodontal disease. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path 1952;5:833–860.
  29. Rapid progressive periodontitis: A distinct clinical condition. J Clin Periodontol 1983;54:197–209.
  30. Stress as a predisposing factor in necrotizing ulcerative ulcerative gingivitis. J Periodontol 1969;40:240–242.
  31. The relationship of 17-Hydroxy corticosteroid to ANUG. J Periodontol 1975:721
  32. Destructive forms of periodontal disease in adolescent and young adults. Br Dent J 1985;158:429–436.
  33. Financial stress linked to periodontal disease. J Am Dent Assoc 1995;126:1346.
  34. Relationship of stress, distress and inadequate coping behaviors to periodontal disease. J Periodontol 1999;70:711–723.
  35. Psychosocial factors, dental plaque levels and smoking in periodontitis patients. J Clin Periodontol 1998;25:517–523.
  36. The relationship between life-events and periodontitis. A case-control study. J Clin Periodontol 1997;24:39–43.
  37. Relationships of personality traits and stress to gingival status or soft-tissue oral pathology: an exploratory study. J Public Health Dent 1995;55:22–27.
  38. Therapy-resistant periodontitis. Psychosocial characteristics. J Clin Periodontol 1998;25:482–491.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.