Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2010 ) > List of Articles


Jaw Osteonecrosis a Risk Factor in Bisphosphonate Therapy - A Dental Concern

Manpreet S Walia, Saryu Arora, Bhawana Singal

Citation Information : Walia MS, Arora S, Singal B. Jaw Osteonecrosis a Risk Factor in Bisphosphonate Therapy - A Dental Concern. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2010; 4 (3):72-77.

DOI: 10.5005/johcd-4-3-72

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; The Author(s).


Bisphosphonates are compound used in the treatment of many skeletal disorders such as bone metastases, osteoporosis, Paget's disease, hypercalcaemia of malignancy and bone pain. A new complication of bisphosphonate therapy administration i.e. osteonecrosis of jaw also known as bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaws seems to be developing. Over suppression of bone turn over is probably the primary mechanism for the development of this condition, although there may be contributing comorbid factors. Complete prevention of this complication is not currently possible. However, preventive dental care reduces this incidence. Conservative debridement of necrotic bone, pain control, infection management, use of antimicrobial oral rinses and withdrawal of bisphosphonates are preferable to aggressive surgical measures for treating this condition.

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