Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Prevalence of Malocclusion and Its Impact on Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among 12–15-year-old School-going Children of Modinagar, Ghaziabad

Ambar Khan, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ravneet Malhi, Babita Verma, Divyangi Goel

Keywords : Malocclusion, Oral health, Orthodontic treatment need, Quality of Life, School children

Citation Information : Khan A, Patthi B, Singla A, Malhi R, Verma B, Goel D. Prevalence of Malocclusion and Its Impact on Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among 12–15-year-old School-going Children of Modinagar, Ghaziabad. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2023; 17 (3):90-96.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0179

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background: Malocclusion is known to be the second most common oral disorder in children and young adults, just next to dental caries. It has a profound impact on the physical, social, and psychological well-being of individuals. The various public health advances have led to better treatment and cures for the existing diseases and also delayed mortality. Thus, it was insightful for those who measure health outcomes to go about assessing the population's health not only based on saving lives but also in terms of quality of life. Aim: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of malocclusion and its impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 12–15-year-old school-going children in Modinagar, Ghaziabad. Methodology: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was carried out and included a total of 900 children, aged 12–15 years from 60 schools in Modinagar, Ghaziabad. The data was analyzed using the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 software package. Chi-square test was used to measure the prevalence of malocclusion and the association between the mean of oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) dimensions. Independent Sample t-test was used to compare the difference in means for the OHIP-14 dimensions. The p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In the present study, the prevalence of malocclusion was calculated to be 28.89% in the population of 12 to 15-year-old school-going children of Modinagar. The mean dental aesthetic index (DAI) score was determined to be 24.23 ± 6.07 and no significant difference was found between the children of the Government and the Private schools. The study demonstrated that the children with malocclusion experienced a significant impact on their OHRQoL. The overall OHRQoL was shown to have a positive correlation with the increase in the severity of malocclusion in the children. Conclusion: The results of the current study indicated a high prevalence of malocclusion in the 12–15-year-old school-going children of Modinagar. The study concluded that malocclusion has a significant impact on the OHRQoL of school children. The findings of the study highlighted the need for oral health education and good oral health maintenance among school children. Thus, interceptive programs need to be planned and the present baseline data can be employed for future follow-up and evaluative research.

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