Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Evaluation of Level of Awareness and Perception among Sports Instructors Regarding Usage of Mouthguards in South Chennai Region: A Cross-sectional Study

Sumaiyya Saleem, Swetha Raveendran Kalyani, Vishnu Rekha Chamarthi, Dhanraj Kalaivanan, Sai Sarath Kumar Kothimbakkam, Santhosh Priya Appiya Krishnan Ramnath Babu

Keywords : Contact sports, Dental trauma, Mouthguards, Prevention, Sports instructors

Citation Information : Saleem S, Kalyani SR, Chamarthi VR, Kalaivanan D, Kothimbakkam SS, Babu SP. Evaluation of Level of Awareness and Perception among Sports Instructors Regarding Usage of Mouthguards in South Chennai Region: A Cross-sectional Study. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2023; 17 (3):81-84.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0175

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: About 19–36% of orofacial trauma are sports-related injuries which is a growing concern that requires immediate attention. The present study aimed to evaluate the level of awareness and perception of sports instructors regarding mouthguard usage in the South Chennai region. Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted by means of a bilingual questionnaire which was distributed to the sports instructors individually by the investigator (hand in hand) and includes information on demographics, awareness, and perception regarding the usage of mouthguards. Results: A p-value below 0.05 is considered statistically significant. Nonparametric test of Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal–Wallis test was used to analyze the continuous independent variable and the dependent variables. There were statistically significant differences seen in the awareness level of mouthguards between the kinds of sports they teach. Similarly, those participants who were already aware of mouthguards also showed significant differences in their awareness level of mouthguards. Conclusion: It could be concluded from the findings of a present survey that the majority of sports instructors in the South Chennai region are aware of mouthguards but do not recommend their usage at all times.


HTML PDF Share
  1. Muhtaroğullari M, Demiralp B, Ertan A. Non-surgical treatment of sports-related temporomandibular joint disorders in basketball players. Dent Traumatol 2004;20(6):338–343. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2004.00267.x.
  2. Petersen PE. The World Oral Health Report 2003: Continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century—the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2003;31(Suppl. 1):3–24. DOI: 10.1046/j..2003.com122.x.
  3. British Dental Association. Mouthguards (position statement). Available at: https://www.bda.org/dentists/policy-campaigns/public-health-science/public-health/position-statements/mouthguards position. Accessed on: 10 November 2016.
  4. American Dental Association. For the dental patient. The importance of using mouthguards. Tips for keeping your smile safe. J Am Dent Assoc 2004;135(7):1061. PMID: 15354910.
  5. Newsome PRH, Tran DC, Cooke MS. The role of the mouthguard in the prevention of sports-related dental injuries: A review. Int J Paediatr Dent 2001;11(6):396–404. DOI: 10.1046/j.0960-7439.2001.00304.x.
  6. American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard practice for care and use of athletic mouth protectors. West Conshohocken (PA): American Society for Testing and Materials, 2000. Technical Report No. F697-00.
  7. Takeda T, Kajima T, Nakajima K, et al. Paired maxillary and smaller mandibular mouthguard for rugby player with malalignment. Dent Traumatol 2014;30(1):76–80. DOI: 10.1111/edt.12050.
  8. Chapman P. Communication: The bimaxillary mouthguard: Increased protection against orofacial and head injuries in sport. Aust J Sci Med Sport 1985;17:25–29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1308/205016817821281738.
  9. Milward PJ, Jagger RG. A bimaxillary sports mouthguard: A modified technique. J Prosthodont 1997;6(4):292–295. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-849x.1997.tb00110.x.
  10. Levin L, Friedlander LD, Geiger SB. Dental and oral trauma and mouthguard use during sport activities in Israel. Dental Traumatol 2003;19(5):237–242. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-9657.2003.00196.x.
  11. Aljohani YR, Alfaifi KH, Redwan SK, et al. Dental injuries in taekwondo athletes practicing in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2017;38(11):1143–1147. DOI: 10.15537/smj.2017.11.21111.
  12. Sigurdsson A. Evidence-based review of prevention of dental injuries. Pediatr Dent 2013;35(2):184–190. PMID: 23635988.
  13. Yadiki J, Alshammari NT. Awareness and utilization of mouthguards: An overview. Saudi J Oral Dent Res 2019;4(6):359–365. DOI: 10.21276/sjodr.2019.4.6.10.
  14. Lee–Knight CT, Harrison EL, Price CJ. Dental injuries at the 1989 Canada games: An epidemiological study. J Can Dent Assoc 1992;58:810–815. PMID: 1356606.
  15. Cornwell H. Dental trauma due to sport in the pediatric patient. J California Den Assoc 2005;33(6):457–461. PMID: 16060338.
  16. Guérard S, Barou JL, Petit J, et al. Characterization of mouthguards: Impact performance. Dent Traumatol 2017;33(4):281–287. DOI: 10.1111/edt.12329.
  17. American Society for Testing and Materials. ASTM F697-16. Standard practice for care and use of athletic mouth protectors. West Conshohocken, PA. 2016. Available at: https://www.astm.org/Standards/F697.htm. Accessed on: 30 June 2023.
  18. Lieger O, von Arx T. Orofacial/cerebral injuries and the use of mouthguards by professional athletes in Switzerland. Dent Traumatol 2006;22(1):1–6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00328.x.
  19. Cetinbaş T, Sönmez H. Mouthguard utilization rates during sport activities in Ankara, Turkey. Dent Traumatol 2006;22(3):127–132. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00397.x.
  20. Boffano P, Boffano M, Gallesio C, et al. Rugby athletes’ awareness and compliance in the use of mouthguards in the North West of Italy. Dent Traumatol 2012;28(3):210–213. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2011.01067.x.
  21. Ozbay G, Bakkal M, Abbasoglu Z, et al. Incidence and prevention of traumatic injuries in paediatric handball players in Istanbul, Turkey. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2013;14(1):41–45. DOI: 10.1007/s40368-012-0005-4.
  22. Neeraja G, Bharadwaj S, Shah K, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding oro-facial injuries and oro-facial protective devices among physical instructors in Bangalore. J Int Oral Health JIOH 2014;6(3):1–6. PMID: 25083024.
  23. Di Leone CC, Barros IR, Salles AG, et al. Mouthguard use in martial arts: Awareness and attitude. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 2014;20:451–455. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1517-86922014200602096.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.