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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Association of Depression and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness among Undergraduate Dental College Students in Chennai, India

Zoha Abdullah, RS Durgadevi, A Caroline Jerry, G Ganesh Kumar, Parvathy Premnath

Keywords : Dental students, Depression, Excessive daytime sleepiness, Insomnia, Sleep quality

Citation Information : Abdullah Z, Durgadevi R, Jerry AC, Kumar GG, Premnath P. Association of Depression and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness among Undergraduate Dental College Students in Chennai, India. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2022; 16 (2):87-93.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0063A

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 12-09-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) has become an emerging problem in 50% of college students. For healthcare students and professionals, the negative impact of EDS not only negatively affects the individual but also the safety and quality of care to the patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of EDS among the dental students and to examine the correlation between risk factors and EDS in college students. Materials and methods: An online questionnaire (Google Form) with questions related to the sociodemographic characteristics, daytime sleepiness, depression, insomnia, and sedentary behaviors was distributed via online platforms. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS software. Bivariate analysis (Chi-square test) was used to assess the association between independent variables with each of the main outcomes of interest. Independent t-test was done to compare continuous variables of interest between those with EDS and without EDS. Pearson correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between the variables. Results: A total of 170 students participated in the survey. The overall EDS prevalence was 72.4%. About 37.6% and 27% said they experience insomnia and had severe depression. There was a positive correlation between CESS score (EDS), depression, and insomnia score. Conclusion: Daytime sleepiness was highly prevalent among the college students in this study, and it was significantly associated with depression and insomnia among the college students.


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