Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Patterns, Practices, and Level of Buccodental Hygiene in Individuals Aged 5 to 17 Years in Bafia, Cameroon

Blaise Nguendo-Yongsi

Keywords : Adolescents, Bafia, Brushing technique, Cameroon, Children, Cleaning agents, Dental health, Dental hygiene habits

Citation Information : Nguendo-Yongsi B. Patterns, Practices, and Level of Buccodental Hygiene in Individuals Aged 5 to 17 Years in Bafia, Cameroon. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2022; 16 (1):9-13.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0123

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 27-04-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Oral hygiene is a set of practices aiming to remove dental plaque on the surface of the teeth. Although its importance is recognized in public oral health, dental health status of the population is far to be well understood. Research objectives: This study aims to describe oral hygiene habits and practices and to highlight the status of oral hygiene among a younger population. Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological study in 1,629 individuals aged 5–17 years was carried out. Those individuals were selected among the 50 enumerated areas that make up the city. We resort to a quantitative approach (using descriptive methods) and to qualitative technique in order to well understand adolescents’ practices regarding dental hygiene. Results: The study revealed that 82.1% of the respondents brush their teeth, but in an irregular or once daily (78.3%), with very few who respect the brushing technique in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations (12.9%). The cleaning products used are varied: fluoridated toothpaste (54.7%), tooth powder (12.2%), and use of fingers and pieces of tissue (about 2%). Analysis of the debris index and the tartar index shows that the level of oral hygiene in Bafia is poor (72.2%). Learning objectives: It is important to establish oral hygiene programs or strengthen existing programs, with emphasis on the effective use of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries, promotion of oral hygiene in schools, integration of oral health into national and community health programs.


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