Citation Information :
Rawat R, Aswal GS, Kumar VK, Gurumurthy V, Vishwanath S, Swamy DF. A Cross-sectional Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices toward Oral Hygiene among Schoolchildren in Jimma, Ethiopia. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2021; 15 (1):1-6.
Aim: The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices toward oral hygiene among schoolchildren in Jimma, Ethiopia, using a questionnaire.
Materials and methods: For this descriptive study, schoolchildren (n = 580) aged between 14 and 18 years in Jimma, Ethiopia, were included in the study. The data for the study were collected using a questionnaire. The questionnaire was intended to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices toward oral hygiene among these young children.
Results: The results were statistically analyzed and the corresponding percentages were calculated. Regarding the knowledge toward oral hygiene, 55.2% of patients believed that oral health had a role in general health, only 16.4% thought irregular toothbrushing can cause tooth decay, only 26.9% opined that brushing properly prevents dental problems, and 26.7% did not know that dentists can clean and polish teeth. Attitude toward oral hygiene showed 92.2% of them had never visited a dentist and 21.4% did not think it is required to visit a dentist. Regarding the practice toward oral hygiene, only 14.13% used toothbrush and toothpaste and 72.41% cleaned using Mefakiya sticks and they change their brush only when the bristles get frayed up.
Conclusion: Students lacked awareness about oral health and its relation to general health. The importance of oral health and its maintenance needed to be emphasized. Currently, there is a lack of resources and educational programs on oral health. There is a need for dentists and public health workers to spread awareness among children in this region.
Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Ogawa H, et al. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bull World Health Organ 2005;83(9):661–669. PMID: 16211157. PMCID: PMC2626328.
Choo A, Delac DM, Messer LB. Oral hygiene measures and promotion: review and considerations. Austr Dent J 2001;46(3):166–173. DOI: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2001.tb00277.x.
Ravishankar PL, Jayapalan CS, Gondhalekar RV, et al. Prevalence of dental caries and oral hygiene status among school going children: an epidemiological study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(4):743–746. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1394.
ADA. American Dental Association statement on regular brushing and flossing to help prevent oral infections. American Dental Association; 2013 [03/17/2018]. Available from: https://www.ada.org/en/press-room/news-releases/2013-archive/august/american-dental-association-statement-on-regular-brushing-and-flossing-to-help-prevent-oral.
Macnab AJ. Children's oral health: the opportunity for improvement using the who health promoting school model. Adv Public Health 2015;2015:651836. DOI: 10.1155/2015/651836.
Eaton KA, Carlile MJ. Tooth brushing behaviour in Europe: opportunities for dental public health. Int Dent J 2008;58:287–293. DOI: 10.1111/j.1875-595X.2008.tb00206.x.
Wigen TI, Wang NJ. Tooth brushing frequency and use of fluoride lozenges in children from 1.5 to 5 years of age. A longitudinal study. Commun Dent Oral Epidemiol 2014;42(5):395–403. DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12094.
ADA. Survey finds shortcomings in oral health habits. American Dental Association; 2014 [03/17/2018]. Available from: https://www.ada.org/en/publications/ada-news/2014-archive/october/survey-finds-shortcomings-in-oral-health-habits.
Huebner CE, Riedy CA. Behavioral determinants of brushing young children's teeth: implications for anticipatory guidance. Pediatr Dent 2010;32(1):48–55. PMID: 20298653. PMCID: PMC2939855.
Pine CM, Adair PM, Nicoll AD, et al. International comparisons of health inequalities in childhood dental caries. Commun Dent Health 2004;21(1 Suppl.):121–130. PMID: 15072481.
Thorpe S. Oral health issues in the African region: current situation and future perspectives. J Dent Educ 2006;70(11 suppl):8–15. DOI: 10.1002/j.0022-0337.2006.70.11_suppl.tb04209.x.
Simon C, Tesfaye F, Berhane Y. Assessment of the oral health status of school children in Addis Ababa. Ethiop Med J 2003;41(3):245–256. PMID: 15227890
Africa WROf. Promoting oral health in Africa: prevention and control of oral diseases and noma as part of essential noncommunicable disease interventions; 2016.
Petersen PE. The burden of oral disease: challenges to improving oral health in the 21st century; 2005.
Petersen PE. The World Oral Health Report 2003: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century--the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Commun Dent Oral Epidemiol 2003;31(Suppl. 1):3–23. DOI: 10.1046/j..2003.com122.x.
Darout I. Knowledge and behavior related to oral health among Jimma University Health Sciences students, Jimma, Ethiopia. Eur J Gen Dent 2014;3(3):185–189. DOI: 10.4103/2278-9626.141663.
Al-Darwish MS. Oral health knowledge, behaviour and practices among school children in Qatar. Dent Res J 2016;13(4):342–353. DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.187885.
Chhabra N, Chhabra A, Walia G. Prevalence of dental anxiety and fear among five to ten year old children: a behaviour based cross sectional study. Minerva Stomatol 2012;61(3):83–89. PMID: 22402299.
Taniguchi-Tabata A ED, Mizutani S, et al. Associations between dental knowledge, source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior in Japanese university students: a cross-sectional study. PLoS One 2017;12(6):e0179298. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179298.
Nakre PD, Harikiran AG. Effectiveness of oral health education programs: a systematic review. J Int Soc Prev Commun Dent 2013;3(2):103–115. DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.127810.
Bozorgmehr E, Hajizamani A, Mohammadi TM. Oral health behavior of parents as a predictor of oral health status of their children. ISRN Dent 2013;2013:741783. DOI: 10.1155/2013/741783.
Angelopoulou M, Kavvadia K, Oulis C, et al. Oral hygiene facilitators and barriers in Greek 10 years old schoolchildren. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(2):87–93. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1290.
Malik AS, Shaukat MS, Qureshi AA, et al. Comparative effectiveness of chewing stick and toothbrush: a randomized clinical trial. N Am J Med Sci 2014;6(7):333–337. DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.136916.
Patil SP, Patil PB, Kashetty MV. Effectiveness of different tooth brushing techniques on the removal of dental plaque in 6–8 year old children of Gulbarga. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2014;4(2):113–116. DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.138305.
Vishwanathaiah S. Knowledge, attitudes, and oral health practices of school children in Davangere. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):172–176. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1358.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for Africa. Oral health in the African region: a region strategy (1999–2008). Brazzaville, Republic of Congo: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Africa; 1998.
Al-Omiri MK, Al-Wahadni AM, Saeed KN. Oral health attitudes, knowledge, and behavior among school children in North Jordan. J Dent Educ 2006;70(2):179–187. PMID: 16478932.