Journal of Oral Health and Community Dentistry

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Pediatricians and Family Physicians about Early Childhood Caries in Riyadh City

Talal Muteb Alshammari, Navin A Ingle, Mohammad A Baseer, Jamal A Alsanea, Fatima AlOtaibi, Asma H Almeslet

Citation Information : Alshammari TM, Ingle NA, Baseer MA, Alsanea JA, AlOtaibi F, Almeslet AH. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Pediatricians and Family Physicians about Early Childhood Caries in Riyadh City. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2020; 14 (2):54-61.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10062-0075

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 18-02-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Introduction: Early childhood caries (ECC) has an impact on deciduous teeth of infants and children. Pediatricians and family physicians are often in a better position to evaluate children at an early age and are capable of assessing the oral health of children during regular visits. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of ECC among pediatricians and family physicians in Riyadh region. Materials and methods: A close-ended self-administered questionnaire was hand-circulated and mailed to pediatricians and family physicians in 5 tertiary hospitals in Riyadh (King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud Medical City, King Fahad Medical City, Prince Sultan Medical Military City, Security Forces Hospital) to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) about ECC. Results: A total of 207 medical practitioners participated in the study. The mean KAP scores were compared across different categories by applying Kruskal Wallis tests. Pediatricians showed higher knowledge [5.05 vs 4.28, p = 0.000], attitude [2.38 vs 2.30, p = 0.565], and practice [4.0 vs 3.58, p = 0.003] scores toward early childhood caries compared to the family physicians. The mean knowledge and practice scores were significantly higher among pediatricians compared to the family physicians. However, no significant difference was observed in attitude scores. Conclusion: Most of the physicians have knowledge regarding some aspects of early childhood caries but not the identification of early childhood caries. It is the need of the hour to formulate oral health information programs catering to both pediatricians and family physicians.

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